The World Milk Day is observed every year on 1 June to recognize the importance of milk as a global food.
The main objective of this day is to focus on activities that are connected to the dairy sector.
- The World Milk Day was established by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 2001.
- The date, 1 June was chosen because many countries were observing the milk day during that time of the year.
- Since then, the benefits of milk and dairy products have been active through campaigns, events, and programs across the world.
- The theme of World Milk Day 2021 is “sustainability in the dairy sector with messages on nutrition”.
- Amid the pandemic, the theme focuses on sustainability in the dairy sector along with empowering the environment, nutrition, and socio-economic.
- The objective is to spread the importance of milk and dairy products in the diet regularly.
Significance of World Milk Day 2021:
- Despite being a great source of nutrition for millions of people, milk and dairy products are also a means of livelihood.
- Looking into economical value and standards, the dairy products market is an important component of the global economy.
Significance of Dairy Sector in India:
- The day also notifies special importance for India as it is one of the largest producers of milk across the world.
- Dairy sector supports livelihoods of millions of people in the country.
White Revolution in India:
- White Revolution in India was started by Dr. Verghese Kurein in 1970.
- He is therefore known as the “Father of the White Revolution” in India.
- He is known for his efforts in turning India into the largest producer from a milk deficient country.
- He led to the establishment of institutions like Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd and the National Dairy Development Board.
- Both of these institutions played a significant role in shaping the Dairy Cooperative movement.
- Manthan was made with the efforts of Dr. Kurien in 1976.
- It was directed by Shyam Benegal while the script of the film was written by Dr. Kurien and Vijay Tendulkar.
- About 500,000 farmers donated ₹ 2 to produce Manthan. It traces the origins of the largest dairy development programme in the world.