World Maritime Day: World Maritime Day is celebrated annually on 24th September.
- However, the exact date of celebrating World Maritime Day is left to the individual governments but is usually celebrated during the last week in September.
- The day is celebrated to offer an opportunity to focus its attention on the significance of shipping as well as other maritime activities and to emphasize a particular aspect of the work of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
About World Maritime Day 2021:
- IMO has chosen to make 2021 a year of action for seafarers, who are facing unprecedented hardship due to the COVID-19 pandemic, despite their vital role as key workers for global supply chains.
- The World Maritime Theme for 2021, “Seafarers: at the core of shipping’s future”.
- This theme seeks to increase the visibility of seafarers by drawing attention to the invaluable role they play now and will continue to play in the future.
- The focus on seafarers comes as the COVID-19 pandemic has placed extraordinary demands on seafarers, with hundreds of thousands of men and women stranded on ships for months beyond their original contracts, unable to be repatriated due to national travel restrictions.
- As part of its efforts to put seafarers at the heart of discussions, IMO has launched a series of profiles in which seafarers express their views on their work and the future of shipping.
- In 1948, an international conference in Geneva adopted a convention to establish the IMO, a specialized UN agency that develops and maintains a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping.
- World Maritime Day was 1st held on 17th March 1978 to mark the date of the IMO Convention’s entry into force in 1958.
Note: Earlier the name of IMO was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO) and in 1982 it was changed to International Maritime Organization (IMO).
- The IMO majorly focuses on areas such as safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, maritime security, technical co-operation and efficiency of shipping.
National Maritime Day in India:
- National Maritime Day is celebrated every year on 5th April to commemorate the maiden voyage of the first Indian flag merchant vessel ‘S.S LOYALTY’ from Mumbai to London, on April 5th, 1919.
- It is celebrated to encourage the merchant shipping industry of India. Shipping contributes a lot to the country’s economy.
- In India, this day was celebrated for the first time in 1964.
- National Maritime Day 2021 was the 58th National Maritime Day by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways.
- Maritime India Vision-2030, was also discussed at the occasion.
- The 2021 Theme for National Maritime Day was ‘Sustainable Shipping beyond Covid-19’.
- It refers to the International Maritime Organization.
- IMO was founded on 17 March 1948.
- It is the UN specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
- It is headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
- Its main function is to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit today includes safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping.
- Its current Secretary General is Kitak Lim.