Earth Day is an annual event observed on April 22 to demonstrate support for environmental protection. Earth Day is dedicated to the bountiful Mother Nature and with each passing year, as the world battles a climate crisis, Earth Day is gaining significance.
- The first World Earth Day was celebrated in April 22, 1970.
- The World Earth Day celebrations are organised by Earth Society Foundation. It was founded by John McConnel.
- In 1969, at a UNESCO Conference in San Francisco, Peace Activist John McConnell proposed to celebrate World Earth Day to honour the earth. It was first proposed to be celebrated on March 21, 1970, which is the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere.
- On the World Earth Day, in 2016, the landmark Paris Agreement was signed by China, United States and other 120 countries.
Note: On Earth Day 2020, over 100 million people around the world observed the 50th anniversary in what is being referred to as the largest online mass mobilization in history.
World Earth Day 2021
This year, in 2021, the World Earth Day is celebrated under the following the theme: Restore our Earth
Amid the pandemic, a host of environmental issues are being prioritized. According to the earthday.org, the topics that will take centre stage at the digital event are:
- Climate and environmental literacy
- Climate restoration technologies
- Equity and environmental justice
- Citizen science
- Reforestation efforts
- Regenerative agriculture
This year, US President Joe Biden has invited leaders of forty top economies of the world including Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jing Ping to the Leader’s Summit on Climate.
The virtual meet is to be held on World Earth Day.