USA celebrates 245th Independence day | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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USA celebrates 245th Independence day

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USA Independence day

This year marks the 245th anniversary of the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from British colonial rule.

Key Points:

  • Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July or July 4th is observed on July 4 every year.
  • American Independence Day is observed on July 4th.
  • The date marks the annual celebration of nationhood in the United States.
  • The US Independence Day has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1941.
  • But the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution.
  • On July 2nd, 1776, the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence, and two days later delegates from the 13 colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence, a historic document drafted by Thomas Jefferson.
  • Among the many names Thomas Jefferson, who was a renowned statesman and diplomat along with political philosopher Benjamin Franklin, renounced the British Empire and pronounced the North American colonies as free states.

Independence Day celebration:

  • Fireworks are considered to be a very important part of the Independence Day celebration in US history and tradition.
  • It was in Philadelphia city that the tradition to set off fireworks started on 4 July 1777.
  • It was during the first organized celebration of Independence Day when a salute of 13 gunshots was conducted in the morning and evening.

A History of Independence Day:

  • When the initial battles in the Revolutionary War broke out in April 1775, few colonists desired complete independence from Great Britain, and those who did were considered radical.
  • By the middle of the following year, however, many more colonists had come to favor independence, thanks to growing hostility against Britain and the spread of revolutionary sentiments such as those expressed in the bestselling pamphlet “Common Sense,” published by Thomas Paine in early 1776.
  • On June 7, when the Continental Congress met at the Pennsylvania State House (later Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, the Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee introduced a motion calling for the colonies’ independence.
  • Amid heated debate, Congress postponed the vote on Lee’s resolution but appointed a five-man committee—including Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, and Robert R. Livingston of New York—to draft a formal statement justifying the break with Great Britain.

Additional Fact:

  • John Adams believed that July 2nd was the correct date on which to celebrate the birth of American independence, and would reportedly turn down invitations to appear at July 4th events in protest.
  • Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died on July 4, 1826—the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

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