On March 22, 2021, US President Joe Biden kick started a two-day Earth Day Summit.
- Joe Biden unveiled the goal to cut emissions by 50 per cent-52 per cent from 2005 levels at the start of a two-day climate
- The summit witnessed the participation by leaders of 40 countries including big emitters like China, India and Russia.
- Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi participated in the “Leaders’ Summit on Climate”.
- The two-day conference has been organized virtually on 22-23 April 2021, which coincides with the fifth anniversary of the opening of the Paris Agreement on climate change for signature.
About the summit:
- The theme of the summit: Our Collective Sprint to 2030.
- The Summit is being held in the run-up to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) that will take place in November 2021 in Glasglow.
Highlights of the Summit:
- The United States (US) and the other countries increased their targets of reducing the Greenhouse gas emissions.
- The US President Joe Biden unveiled a 2 trillion USD infrastructure package which included several elements of climate friendly policies, investment in electric grid, development funds for clean energy.
- During the summit, around 101 Nobel Laureates made a call to sign up a “Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty”. They submitted a letter that called to phase out fossil fuels. The Buddhist leader Dalai Lama was one of the signatories of the letter.
- Other leaders too announced their commitments in reducing greenhouse gas emissions during the summit.
- World leaders aim to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, a threshold scientists say can prevent the worst impacts of climate change.