UNSC adopts resolution on Afghanistan; demands territory not be used to attack other countries | Daily Current Affairs 2021

UNSC adopts resolution on Afghanistan; demands territory not be used to attack other countries

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Resolution on Afghanistan

Resolution on Afghanistan: The United Nations Security Council (UNSC), on August 30, 2021, under the Presidency of India, adopted a resolution on the situation in Afghanistan.

India has assumed the Presidency of the UN Security Council for the month of August.

Key Highlights:

  • The 7-point resolution on Afghanistan adopted by UNSC demanded that the Taliban-captured Afghan territory, ‘not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists’.
  • The resolution was put forward by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies namely the UK, the US, and France.
  • It was adopted with the votes of 13 Council members in favour.
  • Permanent members Russia and China abstained from voting.
  • This is the first resolution adopted by the UNSC on the Afghanistan situation since the Taliban’s takeover of the war-torn country.

Taliban Takeover:

  • The Taliban, on August 15, 2021,  took over Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. 
  • They captured most of the territories in war-torn Afghanistan two weeks before the United States was set to complete its troop withdrawal, ending the longest war in US history.
  • Afghan President Ashraf Ghani was also forced to flee to the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  • The US and North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) have pulled their military forces out of the country.

About United Nations Security Council (UNSC):

  • UNSC is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
  • It was founded on 24 October 1945.
  • UNSC was created after World War II to address the failings of the League of Nations in maintaining peace across the world. 
  • It is responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
  • It is headquartered in New York, United States.
  • Its function includes the establishment of peacekeeping operations and international sanctions as well as the authorization of military actions through resolutions.
  • It is the only body of the United Nations (UN) with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
  • The council held its first session on 17 January 1946.

Members:

  • The Security Council comprises 15 members out of which five members are permanent and 10 are non-permanent members elected for a period of two years.
  • The permanent members are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.
  • Permanent members can use their veto power on substantive resolution.
  • The remaining ten members are elected on a regional basis and serve for a term of two years. Presidency of the body rotates monthly among its members.

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