Resolution on Afghanistan: The United Nations Security Council (UNSC), on August 30, 2021, under the Presidency of India, adopted a resolution on the situation in Afghanistan.
India has assumed the Presidency of the UN Security Council for the month of August.
- The 7-point resolution on Afghanistan adopted by UNSC demanded that the Taliban-captured Afghan territory, ‘not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists’.
- The resolution was put forward by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies namely the UK, the US, and France.
- It was adopted with the votes of 13 Council members in favour.
- Permanent members Russia and China abstained from voting.
- This is the first resolution adopted by the UNSC on the Afghanistan situation since the Taliban’s takeover of the war-torn country.
- The Taliban, on August 15, 2021, took over Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan.
- They captured most of the territories in war-torn Afghanistan two weeks before the United States was set to complete its troop withdrawal, ending the longest war in US history.
- Afghan President Ashraf Ghani was also forced to flee to the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
- The US and North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) have pulled their military forces out of the country.
About United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
- UNSC is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
- It was founded on 24 October 1945.
- UNSC was created after World War II to address the failings of the League of Nations in maintaining peace across the world.
- It is responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security.
- Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
- It is headquartered in New York, United States.
- Its function includes the establishment of peacekeeping operations and international sanctions as well as the authorization of military actions through resolutions.
- It is the only body of the United Nations (UN) with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
- The council held its first session on 17 January 1946.
- The Security Council comprises 15 members out of which five members are permanent and 10 are non-permanent members elected for a period of two years.
- The permanent members are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.
- Permanent members can use their veto power on substantive resolution.
- The remaining ten members are elected on a regional basis and serve for a term of two years. Presidency of the body rotates monthly among its members.