Anup Chandra Pandey has recently been appointed as Election Commissioner by the Union government.
- He will serve the office for around three years and will retire in February 2024.
- He has been appointed to the position left vacant by former Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora’s retirement on April 12 2021.
- Chief Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra and Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar are the other two members of the panel.
- The Election Commission now restores to its full strength of three members.
- This restores the three-member commission to its full strength, which will now oversee the next set of crucial assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh, Goa, Manipur, Punjab, and Uttarakhand in 2022.
About Anup Chandra Pandey:
- Pandey is a retired IAS officer of 1984 batch from Uttar Pradesh cadre.
- Before his retirement from the civil services in August 2019, Pandey had served as the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh under Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.
- He was also the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Commissioner of the state.
- He has a BTech degree in mechanical engineering, an MBA degree and a doctorate in ancient history.
About Election Commission (ECI):
- The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a permanent and independent body established by the Constitution of India directly to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
- ECI is an autonomous constitutional authority that administers Union and State election processes in India.
- It was established on January 25, 1950 in accordance with the constitution under article 324. It also administers elections to Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies, President and Vice President.
- It is not concerned with elections to panchayats and municipalities.
- A separate State Election Commission is there to administer Panchayat & Municipality election.
Functions of ECI:
- The election commission has the right to allow symbols to the political parties.
- It gives recognition to the national parties, state parties and regional parties.
- It sets limits on poll expenses.
- The commission prepares electoral rolls and updates the voter’s list from time to time.
- The President of India appoints the CEC and Election Commissioner for a fixed tenure of six years or till 65 years of age.
- They have same status, salary and perks as is available to Judges of Supreme Court of India.