The Union government launched a new scheme called “NIPUN Bharat Initiative” on July 5, 2021.
- It was launched by Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank to improve numeracy, foundational reading, and understanding for early-stage students.
- Senior officers from the school education department from all states and UTs, senior officials of the department and heads of institutions also attended the event.
About NIPUN Bharat Mission:
- The full form of NIPUN is National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy.
- The vision of the NIPUN Bharat Mission is to create an enabling environment to ensure the universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy, so that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.
- It will help in improving the overall education and literacy standards in the country.
- This initiative will be a part of the school education programme, Samagra Shiksha.
- NIPUN Bharat will be implemented by the Department of School Education and Literacy.
- For its implementation, a five-tier implementation mechanism will be set up at the National- State- District- Block- School level in all States and UTs, under the aegis of the centrally sponsored scheme of Samagra Shiksha.”
Reason for Launching NIPUN Bharat Initiative:
- The foundational learning of Indian Schools has been a drawback.
- As per Annual Status of Education Report (Aser) findings, for successive years bulk of Indian students pursuing elementary education in schools cannot even read, understand or do basic arithmetic. Thus, this initiative was launched to tackle this issue. This scheme is in line with New Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
- The ASER Findings 2020 are as follows:
- 25% of school-going children in the four to eight age group do not have age-appropriate cognitive and numeracy skills. Thus, there is a huge learning deficit at a very early stage.
- 4% of children below the age of six are able to recognize at least letters.
- 6% can do additions.
- 8% of children in Class II can read a text of classes below them.
- 8% of students in Class III, can read texts meant for students two levels below them.
- As per the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, students can choose subjects as per their choice rather than being confined by only those being offered by the institutes.
- In this regard, UGC has already issued an order to all the Vice-Chancellor of all universities to include NCC as an elective subject.
- The Delhi University formed the National Education Policy 2020 Implementation Committee (NEP Committee) this year for making recommendations for its implementation.
- Also, the Karnataka State government was proactive on the NEP.
- Karnataka is the first State to initiate policy implementation.