The architectural heritage of Orchha town in Madhya Pradesh is the prime tourist attraction. It depicts a peculiar style of the Bundela dynasty have been included in tentative list of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO’s) World Heritage Sites.
The move came after the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) sent a proposal to include the sites in its list to the UNESCO on April 15, 2019.
According to the rules, for any heritage or any historical site to be included in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites (WHS) it has first to be included on tentative list.Once it makes it to the tentative list, another proposal is sent to UNESCO for its final addition in heritage sites.
Orchha is situated on the banks of the Betwa river. It is located in Niwari district of Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, around 80 km away from Tikamgarh district in Madhya Pradesh and 15 km from Jhansi of Uttar Pradesh.
Orchha was built in the 16th century by king Rudra Pratap Singh of Bundela dynasty.
The ancient town is famous for its rich and ancient architecture of Chaturbhuj Temple, Orchha fort complex, Raja Mahal among others.
The Bundela architecture has Mughal influence since the two dynasties were very close. The famous King of Bundela dynasty Veer Singh Dev was a close friend of Mughal emperor Jahangir and fought wars as Akbar’s aid.
Orchha is also famous for its two elevated minaret called Saavan and Bhadon and its four palaces — Jahangir Palace, Raj Mahal, Sheesh Mahal and Rai Praveen Mahal.
It represents the concept of open bungalows, stone work windows, animal statues depicting the culture of Bundelkhand.
It is the only place in India where Lord Ram is worshipped as a king and not as a diety, with a temple dedicated in his name called Sri Ram Raja Mandir.
There are 37 Indian heritage sites are listed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. Now if the architectural splendour of Orchha Town included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site then it would be India’s 38th site to be a part of the treasured list.
Three famous historical sites from among the 37 sites that are included are in Madhya Pradesh are, Rock shelters of Bhimbedka, Buddhist monuments at Sanchi and Khajurao group of monuments.