First Female PM of Tunisia: Geologist Najla Bouden Romdhane recently became the first female Prime Minister of Tunisia
- She has become the first female PM in Tunisia and the Arab world.
- She will be the 10th Prime Minister of the North African country since a 2011 uprising overthrew longtime dictator Zine El Abedine Ben Ali, which further sparked the Arab Spring revolts.
- The move came two months after President Kais Saied seized wide-ranging power, dismissed the government of former PM Hichem Mechichi, and suspended the Parliament.
- Tunisia has had no Prime Minister and has been in limbo since Saied froze the parliament and seized executive powers on July 25.
- The 63-year-old Romdhan was assigned to form a new government in the midst of growing domestic and international discontent regarding president’s power seizure.
- However, she is expected to have less direct power as compared to former prime ministers under the 2014 constitution.
- Mr. Saied’s moves placed vast executive powers in the hands of the president, who will himself head the cabinet.
Tunisian Political and Economic crisis:
- The origin of the coup in Tunisia has many reasons, both ancient and contemporary.
- However, the fight against COVID-19, the economic crisis and political instability are the most prominent of these reasons.
- Tunisian President Kais Saied, in a dramatic escalation of a political crisis, dismissed the government and froze parliament on July 25, 2021.
- Tunisia went into a political crisis after months of political deadlock in the face of a pressing economic crisis and the mounting deaths due to Coronavirus.
- The Tunisian economy was in trouble even before the COVID-19 outbreak, but the impact of the pandemic on the national economy, as well as local and small businesses, worsened the situation.
Challenges to be faced by Najla Bouden Romdhane:
- The main mission of the new government led by Bouden will be to put an end to political and economic crisis that has gripped Tunisia during the past few years.
- Crisis has worsened since President Saied took “exceptional measures.”
- In addition, Tunisia is also facing outbreak of the COVID-19 strains in most states.
About Najla Bouden Romdhane:
- Najla Bouden Romdhane is a professor of geology at the National School of Engineers in Tunis.
- She is originally from Kairouan.
- Before appointed as prime minister, she was assigned to implement programmes with the World Bank, by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
- She served in the ministry of higher education in 2011.
- Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.
- Tunisia is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.
- Tunisia’s name is derived from its capital city, Tunis (Berber native name: Tunest), which is located on its northeast coast.
- The capital of Tunisia is Tunis.
- The currency used here is Tunisian dinar.
- The current President of Tunisia is Kais Saied.