Tunisia President announces Najla Bouden Romdhane as the country’s first female Prime Minister | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Tunisia President announces Najla Bouden Romdhane as the country’s first female Prime Minister

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Geologist Najla Bouden Romdhane

First Female PM of Tunisia: Geologist Najla Bouden Romdhane recently became the first female Prime Minister of Tunisia

Key Highlights:

  • She has become the first female PM in Tunisia and the Arab world.
  • She will be the 10th Prime Minister of the North African country since a 2011 uprising overthrew longtime dictator Zine El Abedine Ben Ali, which further sparked the Arab Spring revolts.
  • The move came two months after President Kais Saied seized wide-ranging power, dismissed the government of former PM Hichem Mechichi, and suspended the Parliament.
  • Tunisia has had no Prime Minister and has been in limbo since Saied froze the parliament and seized executive powers on July 25.
  • The 63-year-old Romdhan was assigned to form a new government in the midst of growing domestic and international discontent regarding president’s power seizure.
  • However, she is expected to have less direct power as compared to former prime ministers under the 2014 constitution.
  • Mr. Saied’s moves placed vast executive powers in the hands of the president, who will himself head the cabinet.

Tunisian Political and Economic crisis:

  • The origin of the coup in Tunisia has many reasons, both ancient and contemporary.
  • However, the fight against COVID-19, the economic crisis and political instability are the most prominent of these reasons.

Political Crisis:

  • Tunisian President Kais Saied, in a dramatic escalation of a political crisis, dismissed the government and froze parliament on July 25, 2021.
  • Tunisia went into a political crisis after months of political deadlock in the face of a pressing economic crisis and the mounting deaths due to Coronavirus.

Economic Crisis:

  • The Tunisian economy was in trouble even before the COVID-19 outbreak, but the impact of the pandemic on the national economy, as well as local and small businesses, worsened the situation.

Challenges to be faced by Najla Bouden Romdhane:

  • The main mission of the new government led by Bouden will be to put an end to political and economic crisis that has gripped Tunisia during the past few years.
  • Crisis has worsened since President Saied took “exceptional measures.”
  • In addition, Tunisia is also facing outbreak of the COVID-19 strains in most states.

About Najla Bouden Romdhane:

  • Najla Bouden Romdhane is a professor of geology at the National School of Engineers in Tunis.
  • She is originally from Kairouan.
  • Before appointed as prime minister, she was assigned to implement programmes with the World Bank, by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
  • She served in the ministry of higher education in 2011.

About Tunisia:

  • Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. 
  • Tunisia is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.
  • Tunisia’s name is derived from its capital city, Tunis (Berber native name: Tunest), which is located on its northeast coast.
  • The capital of Tunisia is Tunis.
  • The currency used here is Tunisian dinar.
  • The current President of Tunisia is Kais Saied.

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