Three products from Tamil Nadu receive GI Tag | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Three products from Tamil Nadu receive GI Tag

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GI Tag

GI Tag: Three products from Tamil Nadu namely Karuppur Kalamkari Paintings, Kanyakumari Clove and Kallakuruchi wood carvings have recently received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

About Karuppur kalamkari paintings:

  • The Karuppur Kalamkari Paintings are done in Thanjavur region.
  • These are traditional dye-painted figurative and patterned clothes.
  • The paintings are done on pure cotton cloth and are predominantly used in temples forasmanagiri (false ceiling cloth pieces), cylindrical hangings, umbrella covers and chariot covers.
  • The Thanjavur tradition of Kalamkari had canopies, umbrella covers, thombai (cylindrical hangings), and ‘thoranams’ (door hangings) comprising of motifs of yazhi, peacock, swan, flowers, and images of deities.
  • They are used in temples and mutts.
  • The documentary evidence has shown that kalamkari paintings evolved under the patronage of Nayaka rulers in the early 17th century.
  • Artisans from Sikkalnaikkanpettai near Kumbakonam have been practising this traditional art form for many generations.
  • At present, this traditional art form is practised at Karuppur in Udayarpalayam taluk of Ariyalur district as well as in villages around Sikkalnaikkapettai and Tiruppanandal in Thanjavur district.

About Kallakurichi Wood Carvings:

  • Kallakurichi wood carvings are mainly practiced in the Kallakurichi district in Tamil Nadu.
  • These carvings are done for designs and ornaments.
  • These are indigenous to Madurai region.
  • It is done using pens, palm stems, date trees, brushes made of bamboo sticks and coconut tree stems.

Note: This certificate was issued the Geographical Indications Registry on the basis of an application filed by Tamil Nadu Handicrafts Development Corporation (Poompuhar).

Kanyakumari Clove:

  • Kanyakumari Clove is known for its rich aromatic content, with a volatile oil content of 21%(normal 18%)resulting in 86% of Eugenol.
  • The hilly regions of Western Ghats rich in Black soil are known for the unique nature of cloves.

Clove production in India:

  • India has a total of 1100 tonnes of clove from which Tamil Nadu accounts for 1000 tonnes with 65% coming from Kanyakumari.

Note:

  • With these new inclusions, the total GI Tagged products in India have crossed at least 421.
  • The top listed stated in India with GI Tags are Karnataka and Tamil Nadu with 43 GI tagged products each.

Geographical Indication (GI) Tag:

  • A GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • The tag is governed by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 in India.
  • It is a part of the intellectual property rights that comes under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
  • GI is granted for a term of 10 years in India.
  • The Geographical Indications Registry is located in Chennai.
  • The items covered are agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.

Significance of GI Tag:

  • GI Tag prevents unauthorized use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others.
  • It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports.
  • It promotes the economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.

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