The second phase of Naval Exercise Malabar 21 kicks off in Bay of Bengal | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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The second phase of Naval Exercise Malabar 21 kicks off in Bay of Bengal

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Exercise Malabar Phase-II

Exercise Malabar Phase-II: The second phase of multilateral maritime exercise called “Exercise Malabar” kicked off in the Bay of Bengal on 12th October 2021 for a “free, open and inclusive” Indo-Pacific.

Key Facts:

  • The Indian Navy (IN) is participating in the sea phase of Exercise Malabar 2021 along with the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and the United States Navy (USN).

Note: The first phase of this exercise was conducted from August 26-29, 2021 in Philippines sea.

  • The exercise by the quadrilateral nations is being conducted in the Bay of Bengal from October 12-15, 2021.
  • India is represented by INS Ranvijay, INS Satpura as well as P8I Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft.
  • US is represented by USS Lake Champlain, two destroyers, and USS Stockdale. It will also deploy Aircraft Carrier USS Carl Vinson.
  • Japanese Navy is represented by JS Kaga and guided-missile destroyer Murasame besides their integral SH60K helicopters.
  • Australia is represented by Royal Australian Navy will deploy HMAS Ballarat and HMAS Sirius.

Significance:

  • The Second Phase of the Malabar exercise seeks to build synergic coordination between the participating nations.
  • It will also enhance interoperability developed during the First Phase of the exercise.
  • The main focus of this exercise is on advanced surface and anti-submarine warfare exercises, seamanship evolutions, and weapon firings.

About Malabar exercise:

  • Malabar exercise started as an annual bilateral naval exercise in the year 1992 between India and the US.
  • It comprises of a series of exercises, increasing scope and complexity over time.

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