Contrary to the belief that the changes made in the basic structure of UPSC syllabus first in 2011 and then in 2013 will attract more vernacular students, the fact remains that the number of non-English medium candidates appearing in the civil services examinations are gradually dwindling.
According to data released by the UPSC, the number of non-English medium candidates appearing in the Civil Service exams in 2008 was (5,082), in 2009(4,839), in 2010 (4,156) and in 2011 (1,682), showing a trend of gradual decline. The data available also suggests that not only number of Hindi medium candidates has declined, but also is the case with other language as well.
There number of candidates who wrote in Hindi medium in 2008 was 5,082. This number fell to 1682 in 2011. In Telugu language 117 candidates wrote the exam in 2008, this number fell to 29 in 2011. In Tamil language 98 candidates wrote the exam in 2008, their number fell to 14 in 2011. In Kanada language 14 candidates wrote the exam in 2008, this number fell to 5 in 2011.
On the contrary the number of English-medium candidates has sharply increased during 2008- 2011 period. The percentage of English medium candidate in 2008 was (50.57%), in 2009 (54.50%) in 2010, (62.23%) and in 2011 (82.93%).
Some Civil Services coaching institutes have attributed the sharp decline in the number of no-English medium candidates to changes made by the UPSC in the exam pattern. However, some other institute sees it as a trend of growing literacy in English language as the main reason for decline of the vernacular languages and rise of English medium candidates.