Smallest Orchids discovered in Assam,India | Current Affairs, Current Affairs 2019

Smallest Orchids discovered in Assam,India

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A forest officer of Assam Jatindra Sharma discovered India’s smallest Orchid Lecanorchis Tiawaniana ( the parasite bloom) in Assam. Jatindra Sharma is also a Member Secretary of State Medicinal Plants Board.

The orchid accidentally discovered by him is a variant of a Japenese orchid which is India’s one of the smallest orchids in term of size and duration of bloom to be recorded botanically. This orchid species is also known in Taiwan and Laos.

This orchid is discovered for the first time in India.Its discovery was published in Japenese Journal of Botany with title as’new record for the flora in India’. According to the Journal of Botany of Japan, Lecanorchis taiwaniana is a mycoheterotroph, one of two known types of parasitic plants which have abandoned photosynthesis. It extracts nutrients and its energy from fungus, it maybe of herbal importance. It has been named after Taiwan.

The discovery of Lecanorchis taiwaniana adds to the 800 out of 1300 types of orchids that are found in northeast India (NEI), about 300 species are found in Western Ghats and 200 species in northwestern Himalayas.

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