Sikkim Declares ‘Copper Mahseer’ its State Fish | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Sikkim Declares ‘Copper Mahseer’ its State Fish

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Copper Mahseer

State Fish of Sikkim: The fisheries department of Sikkim recently announced that Sikkim Government has declared ‘Copper Mahseer’ locally named ‘Katley’ as the State Fish.

Key Highlights:

  • The decision has been taken to highlight the importance of the Katley fish and to give emphasis to its conservation measures.
  • The fish also has a high market value and is highly preferred by the public in the State.

Key Points:

  • In Sikkim, katley is found in varied altitudes covering the entire state and predominantly confined to the Teesta and Rangit rivers and their tributaries.
  • This dominant fish species in Teesta River originates from the glaciers of the North.
  • There are as many as 48 indigenous species of Mahseer in Sikkim.
  • In 1992, ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBFGR), Lucknow, had categorised katley as endangered species.
  • Then in the year 2014, the fish was also categorised as endangered by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).
  • Sikkim government had also declared the reservoirs of the state to be open for fishing activities.
  • The reservoirs are at Chungthang in North Sikkim and Legshep in West Sikkim, along with Dikchu and Rorathang in East Sikkim.
  • License shall be issued by the Directorate of Fisheries to the interested individual fishermen or fishermen co-operative societies or SHGs for fishing in the reservoirs in accordance with the existing provisions under the Sikkim Fisheries Rules, 1990.

About Katley:

  • Katley is the local name for Chocolate or Copper Mahseer.
  • The name Chocolate Mahseer has been given because of the morphological body colour of this fish.
  • Its scientific name is Neolissochilus hexagonolepis.
  • Katley fish can grow up to around 120 centimetres and can weigh over 10 kilograms.
  • In India, Katleys are primarily found in the Himalayas, especially in the northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Nagaland.
  • They are found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, China, Bhutan, Pakistan and Vietnam.

About Sikkim:

  • Sikkim is a state in northeastern India.
  • It borders China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south.
  • It is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states and is also located close to India’s Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.
  • A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth.
  • It is also home to glaciers, alpine meadows and thousands of varieties of wildflowers.
  • Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union on 16 May 1975.
  • Gangtok is the capital of Sikkim.
  • The current Governor and the Chief Minister of Sikkim are Ganga Prasad and Prem Singh Tamang respectively.

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