Daily Current Affairs 2020 Significance of International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict | Daily Current Affairs 2020

Significance of International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict

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The International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is observed annually on November 6 to raise awareness about the environmental damage caused due to wars.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • The day is observed annually on November 6 across the world to raise awareness about the protection of the environment during armed confrontations.
  • During any war, crops are burned, water wells are polluted, forest cut down and animals killed to achieve military advantage against the rivals.

New Delhi: In any armed conflict, it is the human cost that is counted first in terms of dead and wounded. However, the impact of war on the environment is always ignored.

During any war, crops are burned, water wells are polluted, forest cut down and animals killed to achieve military advantage against the rivals. The warring armies care little about the impact of wars on the future.

According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts were linked to the exploitation of natural resources over the last 60 years.

Hence to minimise the impacts of wars and armed conflicts on the environment, the United Nations General Assembly in 2001 declared November 6 as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict.

This day is observed annually on November 6 across the world to raise awareness about the protection of the environment and ecosystem in any circumstance. The day aims to ensure that the environment is not harmed during any armed conflict in any part of the world.

The UN considered that any environmental damage during armed conflict harms ecosystems and natural resources long after the conflict. In 2016, the UNEP adopted a resolution that recognized the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflict.

UNEP said that decades of wars in countries such as Afghanistan, Colombia or Iraq have led to immense loss of natural resources. Afghanistan has witnessed an astounding increase in deforestation with some areas reporting nearly 95 per cent deforestation rate.

The Islamic State terror group in 2017 set ablaze oil wells and a sulfur factory near the Iraqi city of Mosul, poisoning the landscape and people.

Source: TN

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