The Supreme Court of Nepal, on 12 July 2021 passed an order to appoint Nepali Congress President Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister Nepal within two days.
Nepal’s Supreme Court also reinstated the dissolved House of Representatives for the second time in five months.
- The parliament was dissolved by caretaker Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli in May.
- Nepal was thrown into a constitutional crisis after Mr. Oli lost a confidence vote on the 10th of May.
- Then, the President of Nepal Bidya Devi Bhandari on the advice of Mr. Oli dissolved the 275-member lower house on May 22, 2021, for the second time in five months.
- She also announced snap elections on November 12 and November 19.
Why Parliament was dissolved?
- The parliament was dissolved by Bidhya Devi Bhandari after considering claims of support by both sides.
- KP Sharma Oli had claimed to have the support of 153 lawmakers including members of the Janata Samajbadi Party while Nepali Congress President Deuba had the support of 149 parliamentarians.
- Both the claims did not comply because Nepal’s house of representatives comprises of 275 members.
Political crisis in Nepal:
- The political crisis in Nepal began in May 2018 when KP Sharma Oli-led CPN-UML & National Communist Party joined hands and decided to serve as joint chairmen of the ruling party.
- CPN-UML was the largest party in the House of Representatives, however, increasing disputes within the ruling party resulted in a split again.
- After the split, in December 2020, the Prachanda-led party expelled Prime Minister Oli as co-Chair and Prachanda was made the first Chairman.
- In 2020, the house of representatives was dissolved which was reinstated again after the order of the Supreme Court in 2021.
- On May 10, 2021, Prime Minister Oli lost the vote of confidence and the house was dissolved again.
About Article 76 (7) of the Constitution of Nepal:
- President has the power to dissolve the House of Representatives or Parliament under Article 76 (7) of the Constitution of Nepal.
- Under Article 76 (7), the Prime Minister of Nepal can dissolve the House of Representatives and announce a new date to conduct the election within six months in case Prime Minister appointed under Clause (5) fails to own the vote of confidence or when no member can be appointed as Prime Minister.
- Nepal officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia.
- It is mainly situated in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, bordering Tibet of China to the north, and India in the south, east, and west.
- It is narrowly separated from Bangladesh by the Siliguri Corridor, and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim.
- Nepal is a multinational state, with Nepali as the official language.
- Kathmandu is the nation’s capital.
- The current President of Nepal is Bidya Devi Bhandari.