Researchers at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai recently found new function for stress buster Serotonin (chemical that signals between neurons). This surprising discovery establishes that serotonin may help in treating neurological diseases. The results of the study were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
The chemical name of Serotonin is 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT),it is a chemical that signals between neurons also known as moniamine neurotransmitter.it is a chemical that is present in our brain that makes us calm therefore, an increase of this chemical may help in furthur improving the individuals capacity to respond to stress.
The team, jointly led by Vidita A. Vaidya and Ullas Kolthur-Seetharam from TIFR, in collaboration with Ashok Vaidya from KHS provides the importance of the recent discovery that serotonin is involved in the generation of new Nitochondria in neurons which helps the neurons capacity to produce more energy and the ability to cope with stress better.
At present, neuronal loss is a major cause of neurodegenerative diseases such as in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Besides this, Abnormal mitochondrial functions are known to cause or contribute to neuronal death. The new findings from TIFR raise the possibility that serotonin signalling could be used to prevent mitochondrial abnormalities and neuronal loss.