Antyodaya Diwas: The Antyodaya Diwas is observed on September 25, every year in India to mark the birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya.
- The year 2021, the Antyodaya Diwas marks the 105th birth anniversary of Upadhyaya.
- He was the nationalist who stood for the explanation for the poor and downtrodden.
- As Antyodaya means uplifting the poorest of the poor, or “rise of the last person” the special day aims at reaching the last person of the society.
- On this occasion, the Ministry of Rural Development felicitates the beneficiaries of skill development programmes – Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana and Rural Self Employment Training Institute.
- The day was declared by the Modi Government on September 25, 2014 and officially celebrated since 2015.
- Through Antyodaya Diwas, the government aims to carry forward the message of Upadhyaya who visualised uplift of the poorest of the poor in the country.
About Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya:
- Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya (1916-68) was well-known political personality and thoughtful philosopher.
- He was a humanist, economist, journalist, and an abled statesman.
- He was coordinator and famous leader of Jan Sangh, which is considered precursor to BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party).
- He was the leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh from 1953 to 1968.
- In the 1940s, Deendayal Upadhyaya launched ‘Rashtra Dharma’, a monthly journal, from Uttar Pradesh’s Lucknow for spreading the ideology of Hindutva nationalism.
- Later, he started ‘Panchjanya’, a weekly magazine, and a daily, ‘Swadesh’.
- He wrote drama Chandragupta Maurya in Hindi and later wrote a biography of Shankaracharya.
- His philosophical idea of ‘Integral Humanism’ was adopted in 1965 as the official doctrine of the Jan Sangh and later the BJP.
- He strongly supported swadeshi and small scale industrialization.
- He advocated ‘Samyanit Upabhog’ (sustainable consumption) as he did not favour the exploitation of Mother Nature practiced by the capitalist societies of the West.