International Day of Democracy 2021: International Day of Democracy is observed globally on 15th September every year.
- The day is observed for promoting and upholding the principles of democracy.
- It provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world.
International Day of Democracy 2021:
- International Day of Democracy was observed on September 15, 2021, in order to review the state of democracy across the globe.
- The theme for 2021 International Day of Democracy is “Strengthening democratic resilience in the face of future crises”.
- The aim of the day is to make the ideal of democracy “into a reality to be enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.”
History of the day:
- The Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) through a resolution in 2007 to strengthen national programmes devoted to the promotion and consolidation of democracy.
- The day is largely based on the Universal Declaration on Democracy, which was adopted on September 15, 1997, by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
Note: The IPU is an international organization of national parliaments.
- However, the seeds of International Day of Democracy were sown in the year 1988.
- That year, President Corazon C. Aquino of the Philippines started the International Conferences on the New and Restored Democracies (ICNRD) process.
- In 2006, ICNRD-6, held in Qatar, decided on a declaration that re-established the basic principles of democracy.
- Thereafter, Qatar took the lead to promote a resolution for the International Day of Democracy in the UN General Assembly.
- Finally, on November 8, 2007, the day was established as the UNGA adopted by consensus the resolution titled “Support by United Nations system of efforts of governments to promote and consolidate a new or restored democracy.
- The day was observed for the first time in 2008.
- According to the United Nations (UN), the International Day of Democracy provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world.
- Democracy is a process as a goal which can be made into a reality only with the full participation of international community.
- It is essentially a government that empowers its people to make decisions concerning national interests.
- Essential elements of democracy include:
- Values of freedom,
- Respect for human rights
- Holding periodic & genuine elections by universal suffrage.