September 15: Engineer’s Day 2021 | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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September 15: Engineer’s Day 2021

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Engineer’s Day 2021: September 15 is observed as Engineer’s Day every year in India to mark the birth anniversary of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya who is considered a pioneer in the field of engineering in India.

Highlights:

  • The day is observed to commemorate the great work of engineers and to encourage them for improvement and innovation.
  • The year 2021 marks the 160th birth anniversary of M Visvesvaraya.
  • His contributions to the field of engineering and education are significant.
  • Visvesvaraya was regarded as the “Father of Modern Mysore”.

History:

Since 1968, India has celebrated Engineers day on this day every year.

His birthday is celebrated as Engineers’ Day in India, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania.

Note: Every country celebrates its engineers on different days.

UNESCO has marked March 4 as the annual World Engineer’s Day to honour the contribution of various engineers in a variety of fields.

About Sir MV:

  • Popularly known as Sir MV, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born on September 15, 1861, in the Muddenahalli village of Karnataka.
  • He completed his school education in his hometown and later went to study Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Madras. However, he changed his career path after graduating and pursued civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune.
  • He undertook many complex projects and delivered remarkable infrastructural results during his career.
  • Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya passed away in 1962 but his achievements and contributions are celebrated till date. 

Contributions of Sir Visvesvaraya:

  • Sir MV was the founder of Block System to prevent the wasteful flow of water in dams, which was first installed at the Khadakvasla reservoir in Pune.
  • He patented and designed the ‘automatic barrier water floodgates’ installed in Pune in 1903 at the Khadakvasla reservoir.
  • In 1917, he established the Government Engineering College at Bangalore which was later renamed after him as University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering (UVCE).
  • He was the Chief Engineer for the Krishna Raja Sagar dam project in Karnataka.
  • He was one among the committee members who had planned the Indian Economy in 1934.
  • An expert in irrigation techniques and flood disaster management, Sir MV was not just a great civil engineer but also served as the 19th Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1919.
  • While serving as the Diwan of Mysore, in 1915 he was awarded ‘Knight’ as a commander of the British Indian Empire by King George V.
  • In 1955, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya received India’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna for his contribution to the building of India.

India’s Top Six Engineers:

  1. The milkman of India – Verghese Kurien
  2. The Indian king of communication – Satish Dhawan
  3. The missile man of India – Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
  4. Magic maker at Microsoft – Satya Nadella –
  5. Google’s Sundar Pichai

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