Sardar Sarovar Dam is providing irrigation water in summer for the first time in history | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Sardar Sarovar Dam is providing irrigation water in summer for the first time in history

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Sardar Sarovar Dam

For the first time in history, Sardar Sarovar Dam is providing irrigation water in summer.

Key Details:

  • According to the Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd (SSNNL), as many as 35 dams and reservoirs, close to 1,200 check dams and 1000 village tanks have been filled with Narmada water.
  • The dam released about 1.3 Million Acre Feet (MAF) water for irrigation between April 1 and May 31 in its command area of 21.29 lakh hectares.

About Sardar Sarovar Dam:

  • Sardar Sarovar Narmada Dam is a terminal dam built on the Narmada River at Kevadia in Gujarat’s Narmada district.
  • The dam is called the ‘lifeline of Gujarat’.
  • The four Indian states namely Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan receive water and electricity supply from the dam.
  • According to the 1979 award of the Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal, the power benefits from the project are to be shared in the following ratio:
  1. Madhya Pradesh at 57 percent
  2. Maharashtra at 27 percent, and
  3. Gujarat at 16 percent.

Background:

  • The Sardar Sarovar project was a vision of the first deputy prime minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • The foundation stone of the dam was laid out by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961.
  • However, the construction of the dam was stopped by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 over concerns of displacement of people.
  • Then in 2000–2001, the project was again revived but with a lower height under directions from SC.
  • But its height was later again increased to 139 metres in 2017.
  • The dam was then inaugurated in 2017 by the present Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

About Narmada River:

  • The Narmada River, also called the Reva and previously also known as Narbada or anglicized as Nerbudda is the 5th longest river in India, the largest west-flowing River and largest flowing river of Madhya Pradesh.
  • This River rises from Narmada Kund, located at Amarkantak range of mountains and traverses Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat between Vindhya and Satpura hill ranges before and falling into Gulf of Cambay in the Arabian Sea.
  • This river is located in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat state of India.

Importance of River Narmada in Indian Culture:

  • Narmada is considered the mother and giver of peace.
  • The river basin is home to India’s best teak and hardwood forests.
  • The sacred Narmada River, the lifeline of Central India, is worshipped as Narmada maiyya (mother) or Ma Rewa (derived from “rev” meaning leaping one).
  • She is one of the five holy rivers of India.
  • It is the only one which has the tradition of being circumambulated from source to sea and back, on a pilgrimage or yatra.

Additional Info:

About Garudeshwar weir:

  • Garudeshwar weir is being constructed on the river Narmada near the Statue of Unity.
  • Located at Garudeshwar at a distance of 9 kilometres from Sadhu bet island and 12 kilometres downstream from  Sardar Sarovar dam; Garudeshwar weir will increase the visual beauty of both – the Statue of Unity and the Valley of Flowers by creating a small reservoir or lake.
  • The total height of the weir will be 31.75 metre.
  • Hydroelectricity will be produced through this weir.
  • The reservoir formed will also provide a navigation channel of 7 kilometres for ferry service from the Shreshtha Bharat Bhawan to the Statue of Unity.

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