Russia-led bloc (CSTO) to hold military drills on Afghanistan border | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Russia-led bloc (CSTO) to hold military drills on Afghanistan border

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Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)

CSTO: The Russia-led security bloc – Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is planning to hold large military drills in Tajikistan.

Highlights:

CSTO has planned to hold this drill amid a deteriorating situation in neighbouring Afghanistan.

What is the rationale behind this military exercise in Tajikistan?

  • The rationale behind this drill is that:-
  • Tajikistan is the only country out of the six-member bloc led by Russia that shares a border with Afghanistan.
  • The group has taken “collective measures” to ensure Tajikistan’s security in case of an “aggravation” on its border with Afghanistan.
  • The series of drills will include the largest exercise this year among CSTO nations.
  • Moscow has moved to cement its position as a key player in the region after the United States’ hasty retreat from Afghanistan and the Taliban’s takeover of the country.

About Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO):

  • The CSTO is an intergovernmental military alliance in Eurasia that consists of selected post-Soviet states.
  • On 15 May 1992, the Collective Security Treaty was signed by the heads of Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • This treaty is also referred to as the “Tashkent Pact” or “Tashkent Treaty”.
  • Three other post-Soviet states—Azerbaijan, Belarus, and Georgia—signed the next year and the treaty took effect in 1994.
  • Five years later, six of the nine—all but Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Uzbekistan—agreed to renew the treaty for five more years.
  • Then in 2002 those six agreed to create the Collective Security Treaty Organization as a military alliance.
  • It is headquartered in the Russian capital of Moscow.

Note: Afghanistan and Serbia hold observer status in the CSTO.

What are the objectives of CSTO?

  • The objectives of the CSTO is to strengthen peace, international and regional security including cybersecurity and stability, the protection on a collective basis of the independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the member states.

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