On May 9, 2021, Russia marked the 76th anniversary of its victory in World War II.
- A military parade was held at the Red Square of Moscow.
- Victory Day is celebrated in Russia to mark the surrender of Germans in the Second World War.
- This parade is being held every year on May 9 since 1995.
- The parade is called the “Moscow Victory Day Parade”.
- The Victory Day Parade became an annual event only after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Note: Red Square is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1990.
- Victory Day marks the end of World War II and the victory of the Allied Forces in 1945. Adolf Hitler had shot himself on April 30.
- On May 7, German troops surrendered, which was formally accepted the next day and came into effect on May 9.
- In 1945, the Soviet Armed Forces held a military parade in Red Square after defeating the Nazi Army.
- This was the longest and largest military parade held in Red Square.
- More than 40,000 soldiers and 1,850 military vehicles participated in the parade.
- The parade was held on June 24, 1945.
- It was held a month after the Germans surrendered to the Soviet Commanders.
- The Germans surrendered on May 9, 1945.
German Instrument of Surrender:
- The German Instrument of Surrender was signed in Reims on May 7, 1945, by the Chief of Staff of the Germans, Alfred Jodi.
- Another Instrument of Surrender was signed on May 9, 1945, in the outskirts of Berlin.
- Both the instrument of surrender stipulated that the German forces will cease active operations.
- While the second Instrument of Surrender was signed, it was a late night in Germany but was the next morning in the Soviet Union.
- Therefore, Russia celebrates Moscow Victory Day on May 9th and East Germany observed it on May 8th as the Liberation Day.