Russia Celebrates Victory Day | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Russia Celebrates Victory Day

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On May 9, 2021, Russia marked the 76th anniversary of its victory in World War II.

  • A military parade was held at the Red Square of Moscow. 
  • Victory Day is celebrated in Russia to mark the surrender of Germans in the Second World War.
  • This parade is being held every year on May 9 since 1995.
  • The parade is called the “Moscow Victory Day Parade”.
  • The Victory Day Parade became an annual event only after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Note: Red Square is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1990.

History:

  • Victory Day marks the end of World War II and the victory of the Allied Forces in 1945. Adolf Hitler had shot himself on April 30.
  • On May 7, German troops surrendered, which was formally accepted the next day and came into effect on May 9.
  • In 1945, the Soviet Armed Forces held a military parade in Red Square after defeating the Nazi Army.
  • This was the longest and largest military parade held in Red Square.
  • More than 40,000 soldiers and 1,850 military vehicles participated in the parade.
  • The parade was held on June 24, 1945.
  • It was held a month after the Germans surrendered to the Soviet Commanders.
  • The Germans surrendered on May 9, 1945.

German Instrument of Surrender:

  • The German Instrument of Surrender was signed in Reims on May 7, 1945, by the Chief of Staff of the Germans, Alfred Jodi.
  • Another Instrument of Surrender was signed on May 9, 1945, in the outskirts of Berlin.
  • Both the instrument of surrender stipulated that the German forces will cease active operations.
  • While the second Instrument of Surrender was signed, it was a late night in Germany but was the next morning in the Soviet Union.
  • Therefore, Russia celebrates Moscow Victory Day on May 9th and East Germany observed it on May 8th as the Liberation Day.

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