Raja Parba the famous festival of Odisha has started being celebrated in Odisha on June 14, 2021.
It is a 3-day festival that celebrates womanhood.
About Raja Parba:
- Raja Parba is also known as Mithuna Sankranti.
- This festival falls in mid-June.
- It is a three-day-long festival of celebrating womanhood in Odisha.
- First day is called Pahili Raja; second day is Mithuna Sankranti while the third day is Bhudaaha or Basi Raja.
- Day before first day is called Sajabaja, during which house, kitchen including grinding stones are cleaned and spices are ground for three days. Women and girls take rest from work.
- The very first day of this long festival is considered to be the last day of the month Jestha (summers).
- Second day of the festival marks the beginning of solar month of Mithuna, on which season of rains starts.
- Fourth day is called Vasumati Snana or ceremonial bath of Bhudevi.
- This festival became more popular in medieval time as an agricultural holiday marking worship of Bhudevi.
- During 3 days, women don’t work.
- It is believed that the mother Goddess Earth or the divine wife of Lord Vishnu undergoes menstruation during the first three days.
- Mother Earth menstruates and prepares herself for future agricultural activities as the monsoon arrives.
- Name Raja came from Sanskrit word ‘Rajas’ which means menstruation.
- When a woman menstruates, she is called ‘Rajaswala’ or a menstruating woman.
Note: This festival is synonymous with varieties of cakes (pithas). Thus, Odisha Tourism Development Corporation (OTDC) has also launched a special programme named ‘Pitha on Wheels’.
Odisha also formerly Orissa, is an Indian state located on the eastern coast of India. It neighbors the states of West Bengal and Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the south.
It is an eastern Indian state on the Bay of Bengal.
It is known for its tribal cultures and its many ancient Hindu temples.
The Jagannath Temple in Puri is a very sacred and religious temple of Hindus.
The capital of Odisha is Bhubaneswar.
The Governor and the Chief Minister of Odisha are Ganeshi Lal and Naveen Patnaik respectively.