Partition Horrors Remembrance Day: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday declared August 14 will be observed as ‘Partition Horrors Remembrance Day’ to acknowledge the pain undergone by Indians due to the partition of India in 1947.
- The day commemorates the victims and sufferings of people during the Partition of India.
- The Union Home Ministry on 14th August 2021 evening issued a notification declaring that August 14 will be observed as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.
- Declaration of such a day would remind present and future generations of Indians of the pain and suffering faced by the people during the partition.
- The day was announced with the aim of reminding Indians of the need of removing social divisions and disharmony.
- It also seeks to further strengthen the spirit of oneness, social harmony and human empowerment.
- The Partition of India was the division of British India[c] into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan.
- The Dominion of India is today the Republic of India (since 1950); while the Dominion of Pakistan was composed of what is known today as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (since 1956) and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (since 1971).
- The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and Punjab, based on district-wide non-Muslim or Muslim majorities.
- The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, i.e. Crown rule in India.
The horrors of partition:
- India attained its freedom from British rule on 15th August 1947.
- However, with the sweetness of freedom came also the trauma of partition leaving permanent scars on millions of Indians.
- The partition displaced between 10 and 20 million people along religious lines, creating overwhelming refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions.
- The partition caused amongst the largest migrations in human history.
- Millions of families had to abandon their ancestral villages/towns/cities and were forced to find a new life as refugees.
- The violent nature of the partition created an atmosphere of hostility and suspicion between India and Pakistan that affects their relationship to this day.