PRANA Portal: Union environment minister, Bhupendra Yadav, on September 7, 2021, launched PRANA (Portal for Regulation of Air-pollution in Non-Attainment) under the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP).
- PRANA meaning ‘Life’ in Sanskrit is a portal for the regulation of air pollution in 132 cities across the country.
- This portal was launched on the occasion of the ‘International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies’ in non-attainment cities (NAC).
Note: Non-attainment cities are those cities that failed to meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for over five years.
- With India’s efforts, 86 cities showed better air quality in 2019 and it increased to 104 cities in 2020.
- During the launch event held at the ministry headquarters here on the occasion of ‘International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies’, a smog tower was also inaugurated at Anand Vihar, as an experimental technology and its impact would be observed for two years.
Key points about PRANA Portal:
- PRANA Portal will be used to track the progress of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) in order to comply with India’s commitment to ensure clean air and blue skies for everybody.
- The portal would support tracking of the physical and financial status of the city air action plan implementation.
- It would also disseminate information on air quality to the public while also providing comprehensive information related to NCAP programme details, progress, city action plans, implementation updates by city/state/ national level agencies, air quality data, and trends, etc.
Features of PRANA Portal:
The portal (prana.cpcb.gov.in) has a national dashboard that has interactive points on 7 thematic areas of city air action plans, PM10 performance, ambient air monitoring network, public grievance redressal portal, graded response action plans, and more.
It is intertwined with the Government’s goal for sustainable utilization, protection, and conservation of public goods and the environment.
- The Environment Ministry and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) seek to achieve a 20-30 percent reduction in particulate matter (PM10 as well as PM2.5) concentrations in India by 2024.
- In order to achieve the target, India has prepared and is implementing city-specific action plans to improve air quality in 132 NACs/Million Plus Cities.
- It targets city-specific air polluting sources like MSW burning, domestic fuel, soil & road dust, vehicles, construction material and industries.
About National Clean Air Programme (NCAP):
- National Clean Air Programme, a mid-term, five-year action plan was launched in 2019 by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- It is the first-ever effort in the country to frame a national framework for air quality management with a time-bound reduction target.
- It seeks to cut the concentration of coarse (particulate matter of diameter 10 micrometer or less, or PM10) and fine particles (particulate matter of diameter 2.5 micrometers or less, or PM2.5) by at least 20% in the next five years, with 2017 as the base year for comparison.
- The plan includes 102 non-attainment cities, across 23 states and Union territories, which were identified by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) on the basis of their ambient air quality data between 2011 and 2015.