SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0: In a landmark initiative, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 (SBM-U 2.0) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0).
- These schemes were launched on 1st October 2021, at Dr. Ambedkar International Centre, New Delhi.
- The Union Minister and MoS for Housing & Urban Affairs and Ministers of Urban Development of States & UTs were also present on the occasion.
- SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 have been designed to realize the aspiration to make all the cities in India ‘Garbage Free’ and ‘Water Secure’.
- These flagship Missions signify a step forward in the march towards effectively addressing the challenges of rapidly urbanizing India.
- It will also help contribute towards achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030.
Significance of SBM-U and AMRUT:
- SBM-U and AMRUT have contributed significantly to improve urban landscape during the last seven years.
- These two Missions have augmented the capacity to deliver basic services of water supply and sanitation to the citizens.
- Swachhta has become a Jan Andolan today.
- All urban local bodies have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 70% solid waste is being scientifically processed now.
- AMRUT has been ensuring water security by adding 1.1 crore household water tap connections and 85 lakh sewer connections, thus benefiting more than 4 crore people.
Key Points about Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0:
- SBM-U 2.0 envisions making all cities ‘Garbage Free’.
- It will ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT.
- This mission make all urban local bodies as ODF+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as ODF++, thereby achieving the vision of safe sanitation in urban areas.
- The Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste, utilizing the principles of 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle).
- It will ensure scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management.
- The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around ₹1.41 lakh.
Key Points about AMRUT 2.0 mission:
- AMRUT 2.0 mission will help in making cities self-reliant.
- AMRUT 2.0 aims to provide 100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 urban local bodies.
- This target will be achieved by providing about 2.68 crore tap connections and 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities by providing around 2.64 crore sewer/ septage connections.
- It will adopt the principles of circular economy and promote conservation and rejuvenation of surface and groundwater bodies.
- It will also promote data led governance in water management and Technology Sub-Mission to leverage latest global technologies and skills.
- Pey Jal Survekshan (PJS) will be conducted to promote progressive competition among cities.
- The outlay of AMRUT 2.0 is around ₹2.87 lakh crore.
About Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban:
- The Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014.
- This scheme was initiated to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management.
- The mission’s aim was to achieve “open-defecation free” India by October 2, 2019, on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Other objectives of the mission included:
- Generating awareness
- Encouraging a behaviour change in sanitation practices
- Eradication of manual scavenging
- Augmentation of capacity at the local level.
- Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched in June 2015 by PM Narendra Modi to ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply to bring about a transformation in urban areas.
- The mission has ensured water security by adding one crore 10 lakh water tap connections and 85 lakh sewer connections in the last six years.