PM Modi launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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PM Modi launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0

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SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0

SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0: In a landmark initiative, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 (SBM-U 2.0) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 (AMRUT 2.0).

Highlights:

  • These schemes were launched on 1st October 2021, at Dr. Ambedkar International Centre, New Delhi.
  • The Union Minister and MoS for Housing & Urban Affairs and Ministers of Urban Development of States & UTs were also present on the occasion.
  • SBM-U 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0 have been designed to realize the aspiration to make all the cities in India ‘Garbage Free’ and ‘Water Secure’.
  • These flagship Missions signify a step forward in the march towards effectively addressing the challenges of rapidly urbanizing India.
  • It will also help contribute towards achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030.

Significance of SBM-U and AMRUT:

  • SBM-U and AMRUT have contributed significantly to improve urban landscape during the last seven years.
  • These two Missions have augmented the capacity to deliver basic services of water supply and sanitation to the citizens.
  • Swachhta has become a Jan Andolan today.
  • All urban local bodies have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 70% solid waste is being scientifically processed now.
  • AMRUT has been ensuring water security by adding 1.1 crore household water tap connections and 85 lakh sewer connections, thus benefiting more than 4 crore people.

 Key Points about Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0:

  • SBM-U 2.0 envisions making all cities ‘Garbage Free’.
  • It will ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT.
  • This mission make all urban local bodies as ODF+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as ODF++, thereby achieving the vision of safe sanitation in urban areas.
  • The Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste, utilizing the principles of 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle).
  • It will ensure scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management.
  • The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around ₹1.41 lakh.

Key Points about AMRUT 2.0 mission:

  • AMRUT 2.0 mission will help in making cities self-reliant.
  • AMRUT 2.0 aims to provide 100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 urban local bodies.
  • This target will be achieved by providing about 2.68 crore tap connections and 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities by providing around 2.64 crore sewer/ septage connections.
  • It will adopt the principles of circular economy and promote conservation and rejuvenation of surface and groundwater bodies.
  • It will also promote data led governance in water management and Technology Sub-Mission to leverage latest global technologies and skills.
  • Pey Jal Survekshan (PJS) will be conducted to promote progressive competition among cities.
  • The outlay of AMRUT 2.0 is around ₹2.87 lakh crore.

About Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban:

  • The Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014.
  • This scheme was initiated to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management.
  • The mission’s aim was to achieve “open-defecation free” India by October 2, 2019, on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Other objectives of the mission included:
    • Generating awareness
    • Encouraging a behaviour change in sanitation practices
    • Eradication of manual scavenging
    • Augmentation of capacity at the local level.

AMRUT Mission:

  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched in June 2015 by PM Narendra Modi to ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply to bring about a transformation in urban areas.
  • The mission has ensured water security by adding one crore 10 lakh water tap connections and 85 lakh sewer connections in the last six years.

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