PM Modi Addresses the 28th NHRC Foundation Day | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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PM Modi Addresses the 28th NHRC Foundation Day

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28th NHRC Foundation Day

28th NHRC Foundation Day: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi recently attended 28th National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Foundation day programme today through video conference.

Key Points:

  • PM Modi addressed the gathering at the event.
  • He remarked that India’s freedom movement and its history has been a great source of inspiration for human rights and the values ​​of human rights for India.
  • He concluded by mentioning the human rights of future generations.
  • He emphasized that with measures like International Solar Alliance (ISA), Hydrogen Mission, and Renewable energy goals India is rapidly moving in the direction of sustainable life and eco-friendly growth.

About National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):

  • The NHRC of India is a Statutory public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993.
  • It is a statutory organization established under the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006.
  • It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991, and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations by its Regulations 48/134 of 20 December, 1993.
  • The NHRC is an embodiment of India’s concern for the promotion and protection of human rights.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Functions:

  • The NHRC is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights, defined by the Act as “Rights Relating to Life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India”.
  • The purpose of the NHRC is, suo moto or through the petition of a person, to investigate the violation of human rights or the failures of the state or other to prevent a human rights violation.
  • The commissions may also take on research about human rights, create awareness campaigns through various mediums, and encourage the work of NGOs.
  • The current Chairperson of NHRC is Justice Arun Kumar Mishra.

Composition:

  • The NHRC consists of a Chairperson, four full-time Members and four deemed Members.
  • A Chairperson should be retired Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court.

Appointment:

  • Section 2 Sections 3 and 4 of TPHRA lay down the rules for appointment to the NHRC.
  • The Chairperson and members of the NHRC are appointed by the President of India, on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:
    • The Prime Minister (Chairperson)
    • The Home Minister
    • The Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
    • The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)
    • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha (Lower House)
    • The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House)

Note: Justice Ranganath Misra was the first chairperson of NHRC from 1993 till 1996.

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