National Security Advisor (NSA), Ajit Doval, has recently commissioned the Indian Coast Guard Offshore Patrol Vessel Sajag.
- Sajag has been built by Goa Shipyard Limited for the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).
- Sajag is the third in the series of 105 m offshore patrol vessels (OPV) indigenously designed in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ vision.
- Sajag was commended by NSA for indigenously developing ships for Maritime Armed forces with state-of-the-art machinery, latest technology sensors and equipment.
About Patrol Boat:
- A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence, border protection, immigration law-enforcement, search and rescue duties.
- It is also referred to as a patrol craft, patrol ship or patrol vessel)
- They may be operated by a nation’s navy, coast guard, police force or customs and may be intended for marine (“blue water”) or estuarine (“green water”) or river (“brown water”) environments.
- They are commonly found engaged in various border protection roles, including anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fisheries patrols, and immigration law enforcement.
- They are also often called upon to participate in rescue operations.
Classification of Patrol Boats:
- The patrol boats are broadly classified as inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) and offshore patrol vessels (OPVs).
- They are warships of smaller size and include fast attack craft, missile boats and torpedo boats.
- The Offshore Patrol Vessel is a highly versatile ship, designed to perform Economic Exclusion Zone (EEZ) management roles, including the provision of maritime security to coastal areas and effective disaster relief.
- The offshore patrol vessels are usually the smallest ship in a navy’s fleet that is large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore in the open ocean.
- Smaller inshore patrol vessels also known as coastal patrol craft or coastal patrol boats.
About Indian Coast Guard ICG:
- ICG is an armed force that protects India’s maritime interests and enforces maritime law, with jurisdiction over the territorial waters of India, including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.
- IGC was founded on 18 August 1978 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of Parliament of India an independent Armed force of India.
- It is headquartered in New Delhi.
- The motto of IGC is Vayam “Vayam Rakshamah” meaning “We Protect”.
- The Coast Guard works in close cooperation with the Indian Navy, the Department of Fisheries, the Department of Revenue (Customs), and the Central and State police forces.
- The Director-General of IGC is Krishnaswamy Natrajan, PTM, TM, and the Additional Director General is Krupa Ram Nautiyal, PTM, TM.