Nobel Prize of physics awarded to scientists from Japan, Germany and Italy | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Nobel Prize of physics awarded to scientists from Japan, Germany and Italy

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Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

Nobel Prize in Physics 2021: The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to Japanese-born American Syukuro Manabe, German Klaus Hasselmann, and Italian Giorgio Parisi for work that helps understand complex physical systems such as Earth’s changing climate.

Key Highlights:

  • The awardees were announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on October 5,2021.
  • One-half of the Nobel Prize worth $1.5 million (10 million Swedish crowns) was given in equal parts to Manabe and Hasselmann who worked on modeling Earth’s climate and predicting global warming in a reliable manner.
  • The other half of the Nobel Prize went to Parisi for discovering the hidden rules behind random movements and swirls in gases or liquids.

About Syukuro Manabe:

  • Syukuro Manabe, 90, is a Japanese-American meteorologist and climatologist.
  • He currently serves as a senior meteorologist at the Princeton University, New Jersey, USA.
  • He led the projects that used computers to simulate natural climate variations and global climate change.
  • He has been recognized for his work in the physical modeling of Earth’s climate, reliable prediction of global warming, and quantifying variability.

About Klaus Hasselmann:

  • Klaus Hasselmann, 89, is a German oceanographer and climate modeler.
  • He is popular for his Hasselmann model of climate variability.
  • He is currently working as a Professor at Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany.
  • He has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 for his works in physical modeling of Earth’s climate, reliably predicting global warming, quantifying variability, and understanding complex systems.

About Giorgio Parisi:

  • Giorgio Parisi, 73, is an Italian theoretical physicist.
  • He is currently a professor of Quantum Theories at the Sapeinza University of Rome, Italy.
  • He has been researching quantum field theory, complex systems, and statistical mechanics.
  • He is known for his best works such as QCD evolution equations known as Altarelli-Parisi or DGLAP equations.
  • He has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 for his works in the theory of complex systems, the discovery of disorder, and fluctuations in liquid or gases from atomic to planetary scales.

Note: This is the first time climate scientists have been awarded the Physics Nobel.

Nobel Prize in Physics:

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics is an annual award that is presented by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to recognize the outstanding work of those in the field of Physics.
  • The Nobel Prize is presented annually on the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, 10 December.
  • The Nobel Prize started in 1901.
  • The will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 established 5 Nobel Prizes namely in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Physiology, and Nobel Peace Prize.

Note: In 2020, the prize went to American Andrea Ghez, Roger Penrose of Britain and Reinhard Genzel of Germany for their research into black holes.

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