Railway Minister Mallikarjun Kharge presented the interim rail budget for the next fiscal Wednesday sans much fanfare with no hike in fares or freight rates, and announced 72 new trains and connectivity to two more northeastern states.
In what was his personal first and the last such exercise in the 15th Lok Sabha for the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government, Kharge also promised a new tariff-setting body and said work on eastern and western freight corridors was progressing well.
The minister only read a part of his speech, for all of 14 minutes in the lower house of parliament. The full speech copy, along with the other documents that included a vote on account for the first four months of the next fiscal, was laid on the table of the house.
The minister announced that 72 new trains were being introduced, including 17 premium trains, 38 express trains, 10 passenger trains, four suburban trains and three diesel locomotive inter-city trains for medium distances.
He said despite the resource constraints, the targets for the current fiscal were fully achieved, with some 2,207 km of new lines, adding two more northeastern states on the country’s railroad map this fiscal — Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya.
Anticipating a healthier economic growth, the freight traffic target, he said, was also proposed higher at 1,101 million tonnes — an increment of 49.7 million tonnes over the current year’s revised target of about 1,052 million tonnes.
In terms of electrification of the network, 4,556 km railway line was completed this fiscal, against the target of 4,500 km, while the target of doubling the gauge was also surpassed with 2,227 km, against 2,000 km.
Train services will also start for Vaishno Devi shrine at Katra in Jammu and Kashmir.
He said three new rail factories in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have already been commissioned — a wheel plant at Chhapra, a coach factory in Rae Bareli and a diesel component factory at Dankuni, respectively.
“Specially designed coaches for adverse weather conditions have been inducted for rail travel in Kashmir valley. Also corrosion-resistant and lighter wagons to carry extra pay-load and higher speed of up to 100 km per hour have been developed,” he said.
As far as safety is concerned, there are no unmanned level crossings left, the minister said, even as induction-based cooking was introduced in the pantry cars to prevent fire and improved audio-video systems installed to warn road users of approaching trains.
Kharge, who has been holding the railway portfolio only for the past eight months, spoke of the role played by the railways in India’s social and economic development and the lack of physical and financial resources to carry this mandate forward.
“It’s time we take note of the investment and other urgent needs of the railways.”
Ranked among the world’s top five, the Indian railroad network ferries 23 million people and 2.65 million tonnes of goods daily from 7,083 stations on 12,000 passenger and 7,000 freight trains over more than 64,000 route km.
It is also among the largest employers with an estimated 1.4 million people on its rolls.
Industry did not have much reaction to offer but to seek some reforms when the regular rail budget is presented by the next government.
“Revamping rail tariff, allowing foreign direct investment in railways and encouraging joint ventures and public-private partnerships must be explored to access funds. This will infuse the necessary momentum to rail infrastructure upgradation,” CII said.
FICCI welcomed the setting up of an independent rail tariff authority, among other measures. “This will help develop an integrated, transparent and dynamic pricing mechanism for the passenger and freight segments of the Indian Railways.”
Highlights Of Interim Railway Budget 2014-15
- – No change in passenger fares and freight charges
- – 72 new trains to be introduced: These include 17 premium trains, 38 express trains, 10 passenger trains, 4 MEMU and 3 DEMU
- – Three trains will be extended and frequency of three other trains will be increased
- – Proposed outlay of Rs.64,305 crore with a budgetary support of Rs.30,223 crore
- – Gross traffic receipts targeted at Rs.1,60,775 crore with passenger earnings of Rs.45,255 crore, goods Rs.1,05,770 crore and other coaching and sundry earnings Rs.9,700 crore
- – 19 new lines to be taken up for survey in fiscal 2014-15
- – Surveys for doubling five existing lines will also be taken up during the year
- – Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh to be brought on railway map
- – Independent Rail Tariff Authority set up to advice on fares and freight
- – Gross traffic receipts pegged at Rs.1,60,775 crore
- – Working expenses pegged at Rs.1,10,649 crore, which is Rs.13,589 crore higher than the revised estimates for the current fiscal
- – Freight earnings target set at Rs.94,000 crore. Loading target raised to 1,052 million tonnes
- – Services on Udhampur-Katra section to start soon. It will take passengers to the foothills of Vaishno Devi shrine
- – Allowing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in railways is under consideration
- – Emphasis on attracting higher investments from private sector
- – Three new factories – Rail Wheel Plant in district Chhapra, Bihar; Rail Coach Factory at Rae Bareli in Uttar Pradesh; and Diesel Component Factory at Dankuni, West Bengal, have become functional and commenced production during 2013-14
- – Operating ratio budgeted at 89.8 percent
- – Fund balances pegged at Rs.12,728 crore
- – Pension outgo budgeted at Rs.27,000 crore in 2014-15 against Rs.24,000 crore in the current fiscal
- – Ordinary working expenses placed at Rs.1,10,649 crore, higher by Rs.13,598 crore from the current financial year
- – An independent Rail Tariff Authority to be set up to advise the government on fixing fares and freight charges
- – State governments of Karnataka, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Haryana have agreed to share cost of several rail projects in their respective areas.