New Tourism Policy: The Government of India (GoI) is planning to implement a new tourist policy that will result in the establishment of five missions across the country.
- The main aim of the policy is to provide better facilities and services to the tourists visiting India.
- It will create five missions in the country. They are –
- National Green Tourism Mission: To bring sustainability in tourism
- National Digital Tourism Mission: To digitize the tourism industry
- Sectoral Mission on Skill Development: To provide qualified manpower and trained professionals to the tourism industry
- National Mission on Destination Management: To provide coordination among public and private stakeholder
- National Mission on Tourism MSMEs: To facilitate startups and MSMEs
- The other measures to be taken by India are as follows:
- India will provide five lakh free tourist visas to kick start the functioning of the tourist sector in the country.
- Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav-based programs showcasing India’s culture and heritage will be launched by the Ministry of Tourism so in order to accomplish this,the ministry will provide incentives.
- Tourism Week will be organized from organised between January 3 and January 15, 2022.
- Tourism Ministry will launch a number of initiatives in collaboration with various partners to promote travels to India.
- India is set to host G-20 meeting in 2022 so the meet’s preparation meeting will be held in various tourist destinations or cities.
By 2030, the Indian government expects the tourist sector to provide 500 billion dollars to the country’s GDP.
About the role of Expo 2020 Dubai in Indian Tourism:
- India actively participated in Expo 2020 organized by Dubai.
- The Expo 2020 is the first largest in MEASA (Middle East, Africa and South Asia region) after the COVID times.
- To sustain tourism, it is necessary for India to actively participate in such foreign expos.
For instance – India and UAE receive 50,000 UAE tourists and 6 million Indian tourists annually respectively.
Note: India – UAE tourism sector is one of the largest tourism sectors in the world.
About Tourism Policy in India:
Origin of Tourism policy in India:
- Tourism planning in India was started after Independence.
- The conscious and organized efforts topromote tourism in India were made in 1945, when a committee was set up by the Government under the leadership of Sir John Sargent, then Educational Adviser to the Government of India (Krishna.A.G. 1993).
- Thereafter systematic tourism development took place in India.
- The tourism planning approach has been evolved in Second and Third five year plans.
- The sixth five year plan emphasizes tourism as an instrument for economic development, integration and maintains social harmony.
- After 1980s tourism activity gained momentum as employment generator, source of income, foreign exchange earnings and as a leisure industry.
- The government has taken several significant measures to promote tourism industry.
Tourism policy 1982:
- The First Tourism policy was announced by the Government of India on November 1982.
- The mission of First Tourism Policy was to promote sustainable tourism as means of economic growth, social Integration and to promote the image of India abroad as a country with a glorious past, a vibrant present and a bright future.
- Policies to achieve this will be evolved around six broad areas such as –
- Welcome (Swagat),
- Information (Suchana),
- Facilitation (Suvidha),
- Safety (Suraksha),
- Cooperation (Sahyog) and
- Infrastructure Development (Samrachana).
- This policy also gives importance to conservation of heritage, natural environment, development and promotion of tourist products.