New Tourism Policy in India | Daily Current Affairs 2022
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New Tourism Policy in India

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New Tourism Policy: The Government of India (GoI) is planning to implement a new tourist policy that will result in the establishment of five missions across the country.

Key Points:

  • The main aim of the policy is to provide better facilities and services to the tourists visiting India.
  • It will create five missions in the country. They are –
    1. National Green Tourism Mission: To bring sustainability in tourism
    2. National Digital Tourism Mission: To digitize the tourism industry
    3. Sectoral Mission on Skill Development: To provide qualified manpower and trained professionals to the tourism industry
    4. National Mission on Destination Management: To provide coordination among public and private stakeholder
    5. National Mission on Tourism MSMEs: To facilitate startups and MSMEs
  • The other measures to be taken by India are as follows:
  • India will provide five lakh free tourist visas to kick start the functioning of the tourist sector in the country.
  • Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav-based programs showcasing India’s culture and heritage will be launched by the Ministry of Tourism so in order to accomplish this,the ministry will provide incentives.
  • Tourism Week will be organized from organised between January 3 and January 15, 2022.
  • Tourism Ministry will launch a number of initiatives in collaboration with various partners to promote travels to India.
  • India is set to host G-20 meeting in 2022 so the meet’s preparation meeting will be held in various tourist destinations or cities.

Target:

By 2030, the Indian government expects the tourist sector to provide 500 billion dollars to the country’s GDP.

About the role of Expo 2020 Dubai in Indian Tourism:

  • India actively participated in Expo 2020 organized by Dubai.
  • The Expo 2020 is the first largest in MEASA (Middle East, Africa and South Asia region) after the COVID times.
  • To sustain tourism, it is necessary for India to actively participate in such foreign expos.

For instance – India and UAE receive 50,000 UAE tourists and 6 million Indian tourists annually respectively.

Note: India – UAE tourism sector is one of the largest tourism sectors in the world.

About Tourism Policy in India:

Origin of Tourism policy in India:

  • Tourism planning in India was started after Independence.
  • The conscious and organized efforts topromote tourism in India were made in 1945, when a committee was set up by the Government under the leadership of Sir John Sargent, then Educational Adviser to the Government of India (Krishna.A.G. 1993).
  • Thereafter systematic tourism development took place in India.
  • The tourism planning approach has been evolved in Second and Third five year plans.
  • The sixth five year plan emphasizes tourism as an instrument for economic development, integration and maintains social harmony.
  • After 1980s tourism activity gained momentum as employment generator, source of income, foreign exchange earnings and as a leisure industry.
  • The government has taken several significant measures to promote tourism industry.

Tourism policy 1982:

  • The First Tourism policy was announced by the Government of India on November 1982.
  • The mission of First Tourism Policy was to promote sustainable tourism as means of economic growth, social Integration and to promote the image of India abroad as a country with a glorious past, a vibrant present and a bright future.
  • Policies to achieve this will be evolved around six broad areas such as –
    • Welcome (Swagat),
    • Information (Suchana),
    • Facilitation (Suvidha),
    • Safety (Suraksha),
    • Cooperation (Sahyog) and
    • Infrastructure Development (Samrachana).
  • This policy also gives importance to conservation of heritage, natural environment, development and promotion of tourist products.

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