New Coastal regulation norms for preventing sea erosion | Current Affairs, Current Affairs 2019

New Coastal regulation norms for preventing sea erosion

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The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified the 2019 Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) norms, replacing the existing CRZ norms of 2011.

Objective of CRZ Regulations 2019 are to promote sustainable development based on scientific principles taking into account the natural hazards such as increasing sea levels due to global warming. The norms also seek to conserve and protect the environment of coastal stretches and marine areas, besides livelihood security to the fisher communities and other local communities in the coastal area. Salient Features of CRZ Regulations 2019 are:

1) CRZ-III A: The A category of CRZ-III areas are densely populated rural areas with a population density of 2161 per square kilometre as per 2011 Census. Such areas have a No Development Zone (NDZ) of 50 meters from the High Tide Line (HTL) as against 200 meters from the High Tide Line stipulated in the CRZ Notification, 2011. 2) CRZ-III B – The B category of CRZ-III rural areas have population density of below 2161 per square kilometre as per 2011 Census. Such areas have a No Development Zone of 200 meters from the HTL. 3) Floor Space Index Norms eased. 4) As per CRZ, 2011 Notification, the Floor Space Index (FSI) or the Floor Area Ratio (FAR) had been frozen. 5) In the CRZ 2019 Notification, the government decided to de-freeze the Floor Space Index and permit FSI for construction projects.

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