Nepal President Bidya Devi Bhandari, on 22 May 2021 dissolved the Parliament and fixed general elections in November amid a worsening COVID-19 outbreak.
The decision was taken on the recommendations of cabinet headed by caretaker Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli.
Fresh elections will be held in November 2021.
As per the presidential statement, neither the caretaker Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli, nor opposition leader Sher Bahadur Deuba was able to demonstrate a majority to form a new government by the Friday deadline set by Bhandari.
Article 76 (7) of the Constitution of Nepal:
- President gets power to dissolve House of Representatives or Parliament from Article 76 (7) of the Constitution of Nepal.
- Article 76 (7) of the Constitution of Nepal states, Prime Minister can dissolve the house of representatives and announce a new date to conduct election within six months when the Prime Minister appointed under Clause (5) fails to own vote of confidence or when no member can be appointed as Prime Minister.
What was the reason for dissolving the Parliament?
- Bidhya Devi Bhandari dissolved the parliament after considering the claims of support by both the sides. KP Sharma Oli had claimed of having support of 153 lawmakers including members of Janata Samajbadi Party.
- On the other hand, Nepali Congress President Deuba claimed to have the support of 149 parliamentarians.
- Both the claims did not comply because Nepal’s house of representatives is constituted of 275 members.
Political crisis in Nepal:
- The political crisis in Nepal started in May 2018 when KP Sharma Oli-led CPN-UML & National Communist Party got merged and decided to serve as joint chairmen of the ruling party.
- CPN-UML was the largest party in the House of Representatives but increasing disputes within the ruling part resulted in a split again.
- Following the split, in December 2020, the Prachanda-led party expelled Prime Minister Oli as co-Chair and Prachanda was made the first Chairman.
- In 2020, the house of representatives was dissolved but was reinstated again following the order of the Supreme Court in 2021.
- However, recently on May 10, 2021, Prime Minister Oli lost the vote of confidence and the house stands dissolved.