Malabar Naval Exercise: The navies of the Quad countries—India, the US, Australia and Japan are all set to conduct the Malabar Naval Exercise from August 26, 2021.
- On August 21, 2021, Indian stealth frigate INS Shivalik and anti-submarine warfare corvette INS Kadmatt arrived in Guam to take part in the exercise that will feature an array of complex drills.
- The annual exercise will be a four-day affair.
- The next edition of the high-voltage Malabar naval exercise will be conducted from 26th August to 29th August 2021 amid mounting global concerns over China’s growing military muscle-flexing in the Indo-Pacific region.
- This exercise will be conducted off the coast of Guam which is an island territory of the U.S. in the Western Pacific.
- It is located 2,500 km east of the Philippines.
- It will be conducted with the aim of enhancing inter-operability, gaining from best practices and developing a common understanding of procedures required for maritime security operations.
- The Malabar-21 will witness high-tempo exercises among destroyers, frigates, corvettes, submarines, helicopters and long-range maritime patrol aircraft of the participating navies.
- Complex surface, sub-surface and air operations including live weapon firing drills, anti-surface, anti-air and anti-submarine warfare drills, and joint manoeuvres and tactical exercises will also be conducted during the exercise
About Malabar Exercise:
- Malabar exercise is an annual naval exercise between the navies of India, Australia, Japan, and the USA.
- It is held alternately in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
- The Malabar exercise started in 1992 as a bilateral drill between the Indian Navy and the U.S. Navy in the Indian Ocean.
- Japan became a permanent member of the exercise in 2015.
- This annual exercise was conducted off the coast of Guam in 2018 and off the coast of Japan in 2019.
- Last year, the exercise was hosted in two phases in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
- Following India’s invitation, Australia participated in the Malabar exercise last year that effectively made it a drill by all four member nations of the Quad.
Aim of the exercise:
- The Malabar exercise which is conducted annually aims to support the free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.
- Its aim is also to remains committed to a rule-based international order.
- It also seeks to achieve interoperability with an emphasis on humanitarian assistance, anti-submarine warfare, gunnery training, surface war manoeuvres, counter-terror operations, and aerial surveillance.