Navy warships reach Guam to participate in Malabar exercise | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Navy warships reach Guam to participate in Malabar exercise

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Malabar Naval Exercise

Malabar Naval Exercise: The navies of the Quad countries—India, the US, Australia and Japan are all set to conduct the Malabar Naval Exercise from August 26, 2021.

Key Details:

  • On August 21, 2021, Indian stealth frigate INS Shivalik and anti-submarine warfare corvette INS Kadmatt arrived in Guam to take part in the exercise that will feature an array of complex drills.
  • The annual exercise will be a four-day affair.
  • The next edition of the high-voltage Malabar naval exercise will be conducted from 26th August to 29th August 2021 amid mounting global concerns over China’s growing military muscle-flexing in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • This exercise will be conducted off the coast of Guam which is an island territory of the U.S. in the Western Pacific.
  • It is located 2,500 km east of the Philippines.
  • It will be conducted with the aim of enhancing inter-operability, gaining from best practices and developing a common understanding of procedures required for maritime security operations.
  • The Malabar-21 will witness high-tempo exercises among destroyers, frigates, corvettes, submarines, helicopters and long-range maritime patrol aircraft of the participating navies.
  • Complex surface, sub-surface and air operations including live weapon firing drills, anti-surface, anti-air and anti-submarine warfare drills, and joint manoeuvres and tactical exercises will also be conducted during the exercise

About Malabar Exercise:

  • Malabar exercise is an annual naval exercise between the navies of India, Australia,  Japan, and the USA.
  • It is held alternately in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

Background:

  • The Malabar exercise started in 1992 as a bilateral drill between the Indian Navy and the U.S. Navy in the Indian Ocean.
  • Japan became a permanent member of the exercise in 2015.
  • This annual exercise was conducted off the coast of Guam in 2018 and off the coast of Japan in 2019.
  • Last year, the exercise was hosted in two phases in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
  • Following India’s invitation, Australia participated in the Malabar exercise last year that effectively made it a drill by all four member nations of the Quad.

Aim of the exercise:

  • The Malabar exercise which is conducted annually aims to support the free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.
  • Its aim is also to remains committed to a rule-based international order.
  • It also seeks to achieve interoperability with an emphasis on humanitarian assistance, anti-submarine warfare, gunnery training, surface war manoeuvres, counter-terror operations, and aerial surveillance.

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