The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) recently launched the joint military exercises in Albania called the “DEFENDER-Europe 21”.
- Joint military DEFENDER-Europe 21 is launched with thousands of military forces from the United States (US) and other countries participating in the exercise.
- This exercise is an annual large-scale U.S. Army-led, multinational exercise.
- It is defensive in nature.
- It is focused on deterring aggression.
- In 2021, the exercise focuses on building operational readiness and interoperability with NATO and a greater number of allies and partners over a wider area of operations than ever before.
- More than 28,000 troops of the US and its allies are participating.
- This is the first such large-scale drills since World War II in the Western Balkans, a U.S.
- More than 26 countries are to conduct simultaneous operations in more than thirty training areas from Black sea, Balkan regions to Baltics and Africa.
- The sealift ship USNS Bob Hope will demonstrate the unloading of heavy equipment onto smaller vessels that will transfer the cargo to shore for onward movement.
NATO is an acronym for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
It is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries.
The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949
It is headquartered in Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium.
- On 4 March 1947, the Treaty of Dunkirk was signed by France and the United Kingdom as a Treaty of Alliance and Mutual Assistance in the event of a possible attack by Germany or the Soviet Union in the aftermath of World War II.
- The US, Canada, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal and Iceland joined the treaty in 1949.
- The first NATO military exercise was held in 1952.
- NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.
Note: Soviet Union signed the Warsaw pact to counter NATO.