Nation remembers Swami Vivekananda one of the finest spiritual leaders and intellects India has produced on his death anniversary | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Nation remembers Swami Vivekananda one of the finest spiritual leaders and intellects India has produced on his death anniversary

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Swami Vivekananda

Nation remembers Swami Vivekananda, one of the finest spiritual leaders and intellects India has EVER produced on his death anniversary.

Highlights:

  • Every year, July 4 is observed as the death anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.
  • Swami Vivekananda played an important role in introducing the philosophies of yoga and Vedanta to the West.
  • He is best known for his speech at the World Parliament of Religion in Chicago in 1893 which started with the opening remarks, “My sisters and brothers of America.”

About Swami Vivekananda:

  • Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902), died on July 4, 1902, when he was just 39 at Belur Math in West Bengal.
  • He was born Narendranath Dutta in an affluent family in Kolkata on January 12, 1863.
  • He was an Indian Hindu monk and a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic.
  • He was hailed as a Dhyana Sidha, a meditation expert, by his guru Ramakrishna Paramhamsa.
  • He devoted his life to the service of the nation and humanity and laid emphasis on the power of meditation.
  • After getting attracted to the idea of meditation in childhood, he achieved fame at the World’s Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893.
  • His speech made the culture and heritage of India popular.
  • With his incredible knowledge of Indian and Western culture and colourful personality, he made an irresistible appeal to all sorts of Americans who came in contact with him during the global dialogue on different kinds of faith in the US.

Ramakrishna Mission:

  • In 1897 Swami Vivekanand founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission, an Indian socio-religious reform movement.
  • It subscribes to the ancient Hindu philosophy of Vedanta and bases its work on the principles of karma yoga, the principle of selfless work done with the dedication to God.
  • He gave a new theory of ethics & morality based on the intrinsic purity and oneness of the Atman.

In 1984 the Government of India declared that 12 January, the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, will be celebrated as National Youth Day.

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