he National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of United States (US) has unveiled the calendar for its forthcoming “Artemis” program that will return astronauts to the Moon for the first time in half a century, including eight scheduled launches and a mini-station in lunar orbit by 2024.
The original lunar missions were named for Apollo and Artemis was his twin sister in Greek mythology, and the goddess of hunting, wilderness and the Moon.
ARTEMIS stands for ‘Acceleration, Re connection, Turbulence, and Electrodynamics of the Moon’s Interaction with the Sun.’
Administrator Jim Bridenstine confirmed that Artemis 1 is planned for 2020. It will be an uncrewed mission around the Moon planned for 2020 which will also exihibit NASA’s capability of sending crew spaceship to lunar orbit ahead of its return to surface of Moon.
Next after Artemis 1, NASA is also targeting 2020 for launch of its powerful Space Launch System (SLS, rocket that will do the job) and Orion spacecraft (which will carry astronauts) together for the first time from a modernized Kennedy Space Center in Florida, US. The SLS will also deploy a number of CubeSats to perform experiments and technology demonstrations.It will orbit Earth’s satellite with a crew around 2022.
Artemis 2 will be followed by ‘Artemis’ 3 2024 Moon mission that will put astronouts on lunar soil in 2024,including the first woman.So far only 12 humans (all American male)have walked on Moon.
The three missions will be launched into space by the biggest rocket of all time, the Boeing-led Space Launch System (SLS), which is currently under development but has seen numerous delays and has been criticized in some quarters as a bloated jobs program.
NASA along with its fellow partners are designing and developing, a small spaceship in orbit around Moon for astronauts and science and technology (S&T) demonstrations, it is known as ‘The Lunar Gateway. Located about 250,000 miles from Earth, the Gateway will enable access to the entire surface of the Moon and provide new opportunities in deep space for exploration. It’s also a stop-over for missions to Mars.
Its objective is to measure what happens when Sun’s radiation hits our rocky moon, where there is no magnetic field to protect it. Its also important as
Its also important as because,after a successful Artemis mission, NASA will be able to establish a sustainable human presence on Moon by 2028 which will further help it to uncover new scientific discoveries, demonstrate new technological advancements, and lay foundation for private companies to build a lunar economy.