NASA Extracts Breathable Oxygen From Thin Martian Air | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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NASA Extracts Breathable Oxygen From Thin Martian Air

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The Perseverance rover of Mars 2020 Mission of NASA recently converted carbon dioxide into oxygen.

This is for the first time that this has been achieved in another planet.

This was achieved by MOXIE, an instrument placed in the front side of the rover.

About MOXIE:

  • The Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment is better known as MOXIE.
  • MOXIE was designed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
  • It is also called “Mechanical Tree” because, it uses electricity and chemistry to split carbon molecules into carbon and oxygen. In due process, it produces carbon monoxide as a by product.
  • It is capable of generating ten grams of oxygen in one hour.
  • It produced five grams of oxygen in its first run. It is equal to ten minutes of breathable oxygen for an astronaut performing a normal activity.
  • It was built with nickel-alloy. The alloy is heat-resistant and is designated to tolerate temperatures of 1,470 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • It was covered with gold coating so that the heat radiated does not harm the rover.
  • According to the scientists at MIT, one ton version of MOXIE is capable of producing twenty-five tonnes of oxygen.

Earlier missions have proved the presence of ice in Mars.

Scientists believe that extracting oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, that is rich in carbon dioxide is more feasible than extracting oxygen from ice that is present in its under surface.

Perseverance:

Perseverance carrying the Indenuity helicopter landed on Mars on February 18, 2021. The helicopter recently made its successful flight. This was first flight in another planet.

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