Mount Nyiragongo erupts in eastern DR Congo | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Mount Nyiragongo erupts in eastern DR Congo

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The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo recently launched an evacuation plan for the “eastern city of Goma” after the volcano Mount Nyiragongo erupted.

  • Mount Nyiragongo located 10 km from Goma erupted on 22 May 2021, turning the sky red and bringing a strong smell of sulfur to the streets of the city.
  • Goma is home to nearly 2 million people.
  • Power outages were reported in multiple locations.

Background:

  • The volcano last erupted in 2002, with some 250 people losing their lives and lava destroying approximately one-fifth of city, including airport runways.

About Goma:

  • Goma sits along the border between Congo and neighboring Rwanda.
  • It is a regional hub for many humanitarian agencies in the region, as well as the U.N. peacekeeping mission known as MONUSCO.

About Mount Nyiragongo:

  • Mount Nyiragongo is one of the worlds most active and dangerous volcanoes located in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • It has an elevation of 3,470 m in Virunga Mountains which are associated with Albertine Rift.
  • The volcano erupting is close the Virunga National Park, home to some of the last mountain gorillas in the world. 
  • Main crater of volcano is about two kilometres wide and is comprises of lava lake.
  • The crater presently has two distinct cooled lava benches within the crater walls – one at about 3,175 m (10,417 ft) and a lower one at about 2,975 m (9,760 ft).
  • Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira are together responsible for 40% of historical volcanic eruptions in Africa.

About Virunga National Park:

  • Virunga National Park is a national park in the Albertine Rift Valley in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site internationally recognized for its exceptional wildlife and habitats.
  • It was opened in 1925.
  • It protects 1/3 of the world’s wild mountain gorillas, over one thousand species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
  • This is the first protected area in Africa.
  • It has been listed in the List of World Heritage in Danger since 1994.

About Congo:

  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Kinshasa, DR Congo, the DROC, the DRC, or simply either Congo or the Congo, and historically Zaire, is a country located in the western coast of Central Africa.
  • The country is named after the Congo River, which flows throughout the country.
  • The Congo River is the world’s deepest river and the world’s second-largest river by discharge.
  • To the west lies Gabon; Cameroon to its northwest and the Central African Republic to its northeast; the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southeast and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to its south; and the Atlantic Ocean to its southwest.
  • The Republic of the Congo became fully independent from France on 15 August 1960.
  • The capital of Congo is Kansasa.
  • The currency used here is Congolese franc
  • The current President is Félix Tshisekedi.

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