May Day is observed on 1st May across the globe every year.
- The Day is an official public holiday all over the world in various countries.
- The day is celebrated to honour the contribution of workers across the world.
- It is also known as International Labour Day.
- The day aims at paying tribute to workers’ sacrifices in achieving economic and social rights all over the world.
May Day 2021:
- On the occasion, Director-General of International Labour Organization, Guy Ryder has called on workers, employers, governments, international organizations and all who are committed to building back better, to join forces to bring in a world of work with justice and dignity for all.
- During the era of industrialization, US industrialists exploited the working class by making them work 15 hours a day.
- It was only on May 1, 1886, that the labour class came together and revolted against this unjust system and asked for paid leaves, good wages and proper breaks.
- On 4 May during the strike the bomb blasts in Chicago’s Haymarket took place. Due to which several people and police officers died and more than 100 people were injured.
- However, the strike did not have any immediate effect on labourers work but it helped in establishing the eight-hour workday rule in several countries of the world.
- In 1889 a meeting took place in Paris where it was decided to celebrate May Day on an annual basis through a proposal given by the Raymond Lavigne and said that international demonstrations are required to celebrate the anniversary of the Chicago protests.
- In 1891, International’s second congress officially recognized to celebrate May Day as an annual event.
- This is the reason why May Day is celebrated every year.
Origin of May Day in India:
- In India, the first May Day was celebrated in Madras (now known as Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923. It was also the first time when the Red Flag which symbolises Labour Day was used in India for the first time.
- The day is linked to labour movements for communist and socialist political parties. In Hindi, Labour Day is also known as Kamgar Din or Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas, Kamgar Divas in Marathi and Uzhaipalar Naal in Tamil.
- May 1 is also Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day – on this day in 1960 the two states attained statehood after Bombay (Now Mumbai) had been divided on linguistic lines.