Daily Current Affairs 2021 May 16: Sikkim Statehood Day | Daily Current Affairs 2021

May 16: Sikkim Statehood Day

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Sikkim celebrated its statehood day on 16th May 2021.

Sikkim celebrated its 43rd statehood day this year.

It marks the day in 1975 when Sikkim transitioned to become the 22nd state of India from being a monarchy earlier.

History:

  • In 1950, the Indo-Sikkimese treaty was signed. With this, Sikkim became a protectorate of India.
  • After India gained independence in 1947, Sikkim continued to enjoy the protectorate status with the Republic of India.
  • However, anti-royalist riots occurred in the state in 1973 and the Indian Army took over the city of Gangtok.
  • The Namgyal dynasty which ruled Sikkim was eventually abolished in 1975.
  • It was on May 16, 1975 that Sikkim had officially become the 22nd state under the Union of India and Kazi Lhendup Dorjee became its first Chief Minister.
  • The Indian Parliament laid down conditions in its 35th amendment that made Sikkim an “Associate State”.
  • Sikkim is the only state to get this designation.
  • The 36th amendment repealed the 35th amendment and made Sikkim a full state.

About Sikkim:

  • Sikkim is a state in northeastern India.
  • It borders China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south.
  • It is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states and is also located close to India’s Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.
  • A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kanchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth.
  • It is also home to glaciers, alpine meadows and thousands of varieties of wildflowers. 
  • River Teesta is the major River of Sikkim.
  • It is a tributary of the River Brahmaputra.
  • Gangtok is the capital of Sikkim.
  • The current Governor and the Chief Minister of Sikkim are Ganga Prasad and Prem Singh Tamang respectively.

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