National Technology Day is celebrated on 11 May across India.
- The Technology Development Board (TDB) a statutory body of the Department of Science & Technology (DST) celebrates this day every year to commemorate achievements of innovations and technological excellence in the country.
Theme for 2021:
- This year, the National Technology Day is being celebrated under the theme – “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”.
- The Ministry of Science and Technology organizes several events across the country to celebrate the day.
- The National Technology Day is celebrated in India for two reasons namely:
- To mark the anniversary of Pokhran Nuclear tests that was conducted in 1998.
- To highlight the importance of technological advancements for the country
- The day is being celebrated as National Technology Day since 1999.
History of National Technology Day:
- Every year, National Technology Day is celebrated across India on 11 May to memorize the anniversary of Shakti, the Pokhran nuclear test held on 11 May 1998.
- Shakti also knows as the Pokhran Nuclear Test was the first nuclear test code-named ‘Smiling Buddha’ was carried out in May 1974.
- The second test was then conducted as Pokhran II which was a series of five tests of nuclear bomb explosions carried out by India at the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army in May 1998.
- The first test was a Fusion Bomb and the rest four were fission bombs.
- It was under the initiative of the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the tests were conducted.
- This operation was administered by late president and aerospace engineer Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.
- All these nuclear tests evolved various sanctions against India by many major countries, including the United States (US) and Japan.
- After the test, India becomes a nuclear state thus making it the sixth country in the world that has joined the nations “nuclear club”.