GI Tag for Sirarakhong Chilli and Tamenglong Orange: The famous Sirarakhong Chilli and Tamenglong Orange have now received the Geographical Index (GI) tag.
Note: The GI status is an indication that identifies goods as produced from a particular area that has special quality attributable to its geographical origin.
This was announced by Manipur Chief Minister, N. Biren Singh while speaking at the inaugural function of the Van Dhan Vikas Kendra (VDVK) Mela, 2021, organized by the State Forest Department.
- Hathei chilli, one of the best varieties of chillies with a distinct flavour and colour, grows in Sirarakhong village in Ukhrul district.
- This chilli is considered to be God’s gift and the pride of the region.
- It flourishes only in the hills of Mahadev surrounding the remote Tangkhul Naga.
- On the other hand, Tamenglong orange, a species of the mandarin family, is a unique fruit crop found mostly in Tamenglong district.
- It contributes over 50% of the state’s annual production.
- It is famous especially for its well blended sweetness and acidic taste.
- Manipur Organic Mission Agency (MOMA) applied for GI tags for Tamenglong orange and Sirarakhong Hathei chilli in 2019.
- Manipur has been promoting these two produce by celebrating the Orange Festival every December and Sirarakhong Hathei festival every August for over a decade now.
GI Tags for Manipur produce:
- Manipur black rice, scented glutinous rice which has been cultivated in the state over centuries and it is characterised by its special aroma, bagged GI tag in May 2020.
- Earlier Kachai Lemon, a unique lemon variety which grows at Kachai village in Ukhrul district, was also accorded GI registration tag.
- Prior to the inauguration of the fair, the Chief Minister also inaugurated a VDVK Outlet and Extension Centre at Forest Department Head Office, Sanjenthong, where products manufactured by different Vandhan Kendras of the State are showcased and sold.
- Manipur has emerged as a model State for the scheme in the whole country.
- Manipur was conferred with five national awards during the first Van Dhan Annual Awards, 2020-21 at 34th Foundation Day celebration of TRIFED, Ministry of Tribal Affairs on August 8, 2021.
- About 41,908 women of 3320 SHGs had been benefited under the scheme in Manipur so far.
- Manipur is a state in northeastern India.
- It is bounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Myanmar lies to its east.
- Manipur literally means, “the jeweled land”.
- The exquisite state is known for its traditions, dance forms, music and sumptuous cuisine.
- Most of the state is covered in forests, which houses some of the rarest species of plants and animals.
- It was formed on 21 January 1972.
- Its Capital is Imphal.
- The current Governor and the Chief minister of Manipur are Najma Heptulla and Biren Singh respectively.
What is a geographical indication?
- A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g., a town, region, or country).
- Geographical indications are typically used for agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.
Who accords and regulates Geographical Indications?
- GI is part of the intellectual property rights (IPRs) that comes under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
- At the International level, GI is governed by the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
- GIs have been defined under Article 22 (1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement as: “Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin.”
- In India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Geographical Indications registration is administered by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 which came into force with effect from 15 September 2003.
Note: The first product in India to be accorded with GI tag was Darjeeling tea in the year 2004-05.
Benefits of GI Registrations:
The following are the benefits of Geographical Indication registration:
- Prevents unauthorized use of GI tag products by others.
- Legal protection to the products.
- Promotes the economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets.
- It helps consumers to get quality products of desired traits and is assured of authenticity