Public Accounts Committee (PAC): Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla has invited Pakistan Senate Chair Muhammad Sadiq Sanjrani to India in December, for a function to mark the centennial of Parliament’s Public Accounts Committee (PAC).
- However, the invite has not been confirmed by the Ministry of External Affairs yet.
- The 100th anniversary of PAC celebrations is to be inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind, scheduled to be held in New Delhi on December 4 and 5, 2021.
- The closing session of the celebrations would be addressed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on December 5, 2021.
- The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is the oldest parliamentary panel in India.
- It was first constituted in 1921.
- The Committee consists of 22 Members, 15 Members are elected by Lok Sabha and 7 Members of the Rajya Sabha are associated with it.
- The Speaker is empowered to appoint the Chairman of the Committee from amongst its Members.
- PAC has been crucial in upholding the principle of accountability as it exercises oversight of public expenditure.
- It is responsible for the following:
- For examining the accounts showing the appropriation of sums granted by Parliament for expenditure of Government of India.
- For the annual Finance Accounts of Government of India (GoI).
- For such other accounts laid before Parliament as the Committee may deem fit such as accounts of autonomous and semi-autonomous bodies (except those of Public Undertakings and Government Companies which come under the purview of the Committee on Public Undertakings).
- The current PAC is headed by Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury since July, 2019.