Kīlauea Volcano, One of Earth’s most active volcanos erupts on Hawaii’s Big Island | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Kīlauea Volcano, One of Earth’s most active volcanos erupts on Hawaii’s Big Island

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Kīlauea Volcano

Kīlauea Volcano: Kīlauea volcano, one of the most active volcanos on the Earth erupted on Hawaii’s Big Island on September 30, 2021, within the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.

  • Key Facts:
  • Officials with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) confirmed that an eruption has begun in Kilauea volcano’s Halemaumau crater at the volcano’s summit.
  • However, the eruption is not in an area with homes and is entirely contained within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
  • The volcano’s alert level has been raised to “warning” and the aviation code changed to red.
  • The same area of the volcano also erupted in December 2020, which lasted until May 2021.

About Kīlauea volcanic eruption in 2018:

  • Kilauea had a major eruption in 2018.
  • The volcanic eruption destroyed hundreds of homes and displaced thousands of residents.
  • Before that eruption, the volcano had been slowly erupting for decades, but mostly not in densely populated residential areas.
  • Prior to this,Kilauea had been erupting since 1983 and streams of lava occasionally covered rural farms and homes.
  • The eruption changed the island of Hawai‘i forever and lasted for about 3 months.
  • The massive lava flow not only reached the Pacific Ocean at Kapoho Bay on June 4th but also entered the Kapoho Crater and evaporated Green Lake, which was the largest natural freshwater lake in Hawaiʻi.
  • The eruptions finally subsided in August and was declared to have ended in December. 
  • The 2018 volcanic activity was the most destructive in the United States since the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980.

About Kilauea Volcano:

  • Kīlauea is an active shield volcano in the Hawaiian Islands. Historically, it is the most active of the five volcanoes that together form the Big Island of Hawaiʻi.
  • Located along the southeastern shore of the island, the volcano is between 210,000 and 280,000 years old and emerged above sea level about 100,000 years ago.
  • Kilauea has been erupting for over 30 years, and each year, its lava expands Hawaii by over 40 acres

About Hawaii:

  • Hawaii is a state in the Western United States.
  • It is the world’s largest island chain, and it’s the only U.S. state completely made up of islands.
  • It located in the Pacific Ocean about 2,000 miles from the U.S. mainland.
  • It is the only state outside North America, the only state that is an archipelago, and the only state in the tropics.
  • Hawaii is also one of a small number of U.S. states that was once an independent nation.
  • The capital of Hawaii is Honolulu.

Characteristics of Hawaii:

  • The Hawaiian Islands are volcanic islands.
  • They have formed as the Earth’s crust, made up of giant rocky slabs called tectonic plates, moves over a particularly hot spot in the molten layer beneath the crust.
  • The heat melts the rock that makes up the crust, turning it into magma. Then once the magma breaks through to the surface of the Earth’s crust it cools and forms new land.
  • Hawaii’s most active volcano is Kilauea, located at Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island.
  • Kilauea has been erupting for over 30 years, and each year, its lava expands Hawaii by over 40 acres.

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