Kerala’s ‘Iron Lady’ K R Gouri Amma passed away | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Kerala’s ‘Iron Lady’ K R Gouri Amma passed away

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K R Gouri (affectionately called Gouriamma) was an old-time Communist leader and former Kerala minister also known as the iron lady of Kerala passed away in Thiruvananthapuram at the age of 102.

She was a female communist icon and an inspiration for generations of Kerala women.

About Gouri Amma:

  • She was born on July 14, 1919 in Alappuzha district. She studied law. Later she became a member of Communist Party of India.
  • She played a leading role in fighting for the rights of unprivileged sections and labourers.
  • She fought against the Travancore Divan Ramaswamy Aiyar in Punnapra Vayalar struggle.
  • She was subjected to physical torturing by police for a number of times.
  • In 1948, she contested against Thiru-Kochi from Thuravur constituency. Unfortunately, she lost the elections.
  • However, she won in the elections held in 1952 and 1954.
  • In 1957, when the first election to Kerala Assembly was conducted, Gouri Amma successfully contested and became the first revenue minister of the state.
  • She had contested 17 elections in her life.
  • She won 13 of them.
  • She held ministerial posts in six governments. They are as follows:
  • She was a Minister in Communist-led Council of Ministers in 1957, 1967, 1980, and 1987.
  • She was the Minister for Agriculture and Social Welfare in the EK Nayanar Ministry from January 1980 to October 1981.
  • From March 1987 to June 1991, she was Minister for Industries, Social welfare, Vigilance and Administration of Justice in the second Nayanar Ministry.
  • She played a major role in several reformative legislations passed. It includes the Lands reforms act. The act was enacted against the expulsion of landless from government land.

Communist party split:

  • When the communist party split, Gouri Amma stood with the reformists.
  • On the other hand, her husband chose not to leave the CPI.
  • The couple separated in 1965 on ‘ideological’ grounds

Janathipathya Samrakshana Samithi:

  • In 1994, Gouri Amma was ousted from the CPM due the difference of opinion in leadership.
  • She thus formed her own party called the Janathipathya Samrakshana Samithi.
  • She then aligned with the Congress led United Democratic Front (UDF) and became a minister.
  • In 2016, due to difference of opinion in leadership, she left UDF.

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