National Statistics Day is celebrated on June 29 on the birth anniversary of late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.
- The day is observed to popularize the use of Statistics in everyday life.
- This year’s National Statistics Day marks the 128th birth anniversary of Professor Mahalanobis.
- The first National Statistics Day was observed on June 29, 2006.
2021 National Statistics Day Theme:
- End Hunger, Achieve Food Security and Improved Nutrition and Promote Sustainable Agriculture (Sustainable Developent Goal or SDG 2 of the UN) is the theme of this year’s National Statistics Day.
- Goal 2 seeks “sustainable solutions to end hunger in all its forms by 2030 and to achieve food security.”
Events of National Statistics Day 2021:
- This year, due to COVID-19 pandemic, the main event of the Statistics Day, 2021 is being organized through Video Conferencing/ Webcasting at NITI Aayog, New Delhi.
- The Chief Guest of the event is Rao Inderjit Singh, Hon’ble Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) and Ministry of Planning.
- During the event the Prof. P.C. Mahalanobis National Award winner, 2021 will be felicitated.
- The winners of Prof. P.C. Mahalanobis National Award in Official Statistics, 2021 and Prof C. R. Rao National Award for Young Statistician, 2021 will also be announced.
- The winners of the ‘On the Spot Essay Writing Competition, 2021’ for Post Graduate Students on the subject relevant to statistics organized at the All India level will also be felicitated.
- The Government of India (GoI) decided to celebrate National Statistics Day on the outstanding contribution made by Late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in the field of economic planning and statistics and therefore National Statistics Day mark his birth anniversary.
- Notification to this effect was published in the Gazette of India on June 05, 2007.
Note: World Statistics Day is held every five years on October 20th. The day celebrates the achievements of the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics.
About PC Mahalanobis:
- PC Mahalanobis is often referred to as the ‘father of Indian statistics’.
- He was born on June 29, 1893, in Calcutta (now Kolkata), West Bengal. He died on 28 June 1972 in Calcutta.
- He was a key member of the first Planning Commission of independent India.
He was honoured with many prestigious awards by India as well as foreign countries. They are:
- Padma Vibhushan (1968)
- Weldon Memorial Prize from the University of Oxford (1944)
- Fellow of the Royal Society, London(1945)
- The key contribution of PC Mahalanobis is known as “Mahalanobis distance‘.
- He was a member of the planning commission (1956-61) and he gave a two-sector Input-output model for the Second Five Year Plan which later became known as the Nehru-Mahalanobis model.
- He founded Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Calcutta on 17 December 1931.
- A few of his major works include the introduction of techniques for conducting large-scale sample surveys.
- He was a pioneer in anthropometry studies and in pilot surveys.
- He is credited with calculating acreages and crop yields by using random sampling methods.
- He had also devised a statistical method, which could be used to compare the socio-economic situation of different groups of people.
- He was instrumental in formulating India’s strategy for industrialization.
- He was a pioneer in applying statistics to planning for flood control.
About Mahalanobis distance:
- The formula is used to find the distance between a point and a distribution.
- It is based on measurements in multiple dimensions.
- It is widely used in the field of cluster analysis and classification.
What is Statistics?
- Statistics is the discipline concerning collection, analysis, organization, interpretation, and presentation of data.
Importance of Statistics:
- Statistics is applied to a scientific, industrial, or social problem that starts with studying a statistical population or statistical model.
- Statistics helps in formulating economic plans and policies. It presents facts in a precise form.
- It also plays an important role in the health field and helps conduct social surveys.
- It is an important part of Mathematics.