July 23: National Broadcasting Day | Daily Current Affairs 2021

July 23: National Broadcasting Day

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National Broadcasting Day

National Broadcasting Day: National Broadcasting Day is observed annually in India on 23 July to commemorate the first-ever radio broadcast in the country.

Highlights:

The first-ever radio broadcast in India went on air from the Bombay Station under the Indian Broadcasting Company On July 23, 1927.

Since 1927, radio has played a crucial role in the lives of people in India.

To mark this event, All India Radio (AIR), in New Delhi, held a conference on the Creation of New India and Broadcasting Medium.

History:

  • Radio broadcasting began in India under British rule in 1922 with programs by the Bombay Presidency Radio Club. 
  • Later in 1927, the Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC) was made a private entity and granted permission to operate two radio stations.
  • In 1930, the British Government took over radio broadcasting and the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS) was started by them.
  • In the month of May 1932, IBC was permanently renamed to the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS).
  • Later on, the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS) became All India Radio (AIR) on June 8, 1936.

About Prasar Bharati and All India Radio:

In the past 93 years, radio broadcast in India.

  • Prasar Bharati is India’s largest public broadcasting agency, headquartered in New Delhi.
  • It is a statutory autonomous body set up by an Act of Parliament and comprises the Doordarshan Television Network and All India Radio, which were earlier media units of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • The Parliament of India passed the Prasar Bharati Act to grant this autonomy in 1990, but it was not enacted until 15 September 1997.
  • Currently, All India Radio’s (AIR) service comprises 414 stations located across the country and it reaches around 92% of the country’s area and about 99.19% of the total population of the nation.
  • AIR broadcasts in 23 languages and 146 dialects and in terms of broadcasted languages, the spectrum of socio-economic and cultural diversity it serves is one of the largest broadcasting organizations in the world.

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